International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:9, September, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2085-2093

Free Radical Scavenging Capacity and Anti-Biofilm Potentiality of Six Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso
Ablassé Rouamba*, Vincent Ouédraogo, Eli compaoré, Moussa Compaoré and Martin Kiendrebeogo
Laboratory of Applied Biochemistry and Chemistry (LABIOCA), UFR-SVT, University Ouaga 1 Pr Joseph KI-ZERBO, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
*Corresponding author

The development of antibiotic resistance raises an urgent need for new treatment strategies. The purpose of this current investigation was to evaluate the free radicals scavenging ability and the anti-biofilm potent of fractions of ethanol extract from six tropical edible fruits. The capacity of extract to quench free radicals was measured spectrophotometrically by using four antioxidant models. Furthermore, the ability of fruit extract to inhibit Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm formation was examined by using the crystal violet assay. Ethyl acetate and methanol fractions of Parkia biglobosa, Zizipus mauritiana, Saba senegalensis and Adansonia digitata showed strong antioxidant activities through their DPPH, ATBS and nitric oxide radicals scavenge abilities as well as their inhibitory potent of deoxyribose degradation. Moreover, fractions of fruit extracts inhibited significantly the P. aeruginosa biofilm formation (up to 72% inhibition) without affect the bacterial growth. Chloroform fraction of Z. mauritiana showed the highest anti-biofilm activity (72.11 ± 0.20% inhibition). In general, chloroform and methanol fractions of fruit extract exhibited more anti-biofilm activity than hexane and ethyl acetate fractions. Tropical edible fruits are potent sources of effective antimicrobial agents. Extensive phytochemical investigation is necessary to isolate the effective antimicrobial drugs for fighting multi-resistant pathogens.

Keywords: Anti-biofilm, Antimicrobial drug, Antioxidant, Edible fruit, Microbial resistance

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How to cite this article:

Ablassé Rouamba, Vincent Ouédraogo, Eli compaoré, Moussa Compaoré and Martin Kiendrebeogo. 2018. Free Radical Scavenging Capacity and Anti-Biofilm Potentiality of Six Wild Edible Fruits from Burkina Faso.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2085-2093. doi:
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