International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:5, May, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(5): 138-152

Degradation of Lindane by Sludge Enriched on Mixed Commercial Formulations of Organophosphate and Pyrethroid Pesticides
Satish Kumar, Rajkumar Bidlan* and Jai Gopal Sharma
Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, Delhi- 110042, India
*Corresponding author

Lindane (g-Hexachlorocyclohexane) is detected in the environment even after three decades of its cessation of use. It is also found in milk, blood and food samples indicating the vastness of biomagnification. Organophosphates and pyrethroids are the other classes of pesticides being used frequently nowadays leading to further risk enhancement. Microbial degradation is the cost effective and safe strategy that can be developed and adapted for improving the environmental health by remediating lindane contamination. We enriched a bacterial population consisting of morphologically 47 distinct bacteria using commercial formulations of organophosphates and pyrethroids mixture. This consortium showed 55.6% -  90.45 % degradation of 5-30ppm lindane by 6 days. The temperature and pH optima were found to be 30oC and 6 respectively. When this consortium was induced with lindane in broth only four cultures survived while 24 isolates showed the ability to clear lindane film on a nutrient agar plate. This is the first report with a microbial population enriched completely on mixtures of commercial formulations of organophosphate and pyrethroid classes of pesticides and used for degrading a pure isomer of an organochlorine pesticide.

Keywords: HCH, Lindane, Biodegradation, Microbial Consortium, Pesticide, Organophosphate, Pyrethroid, Organochlorine.

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How to cite this article:

Satish Kumar, Rajkumar Bidlan and Jai Gopal Sharma. 2016. Degradation of Lindane by Sludge Enriched on Mixed Commercial Formulations of Organophosphate and Pyrethroid PesticidesInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(5): 138-152. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.