International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:9, September, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(9): 2297-2303

Effects of Hardening Methods on Seedling Characters, Germination and Nodulation in Greengram (Vigna radiata L.)
Shivanisingh*, A.K. Chaurasia, Bineeta M. Bara and Vijay Dugeskar
Sam Higginbottom University of agriculture Technology and sciences, Allahabad (UP), India
*Corresponding author

The experiment was conducted in Post Graduate Laboratory and Field Experimentation Centre of Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and sciences, Allahabad (U.P.), in order to standardize the suitable hardening chemicals (organic or Inorganic) for Greengram seeds (var. Samrat). Four different Organic and Inorganic Solutions viz., T0-Untreated (Control), T1-Hardened with Distilled water, T2-Hardenedwith KNO3 20%, T3–Hardenedwith NaCl 1%, T4–Hardened with CaCl2 1%, T5-Hardened with Tulsi leaf extract and T6-Hardened with Neem Leaf Extract 5% were taken and in their solutions seeds hydrated for 12 hours and then dried for 24 hours in shade. It was found that among all the Hardening treatments showed significance difference with the control while highest germination percentage, seedling length and weight, vigour index, and nodulation were observed for seeds treated with KNO3(20% Solution). This study also showed that Seed Hardening with neem leaves extracts, Tulsi leaf extract, CaCl2 and distilled water were found to increase the seedling character, growth and yield. The study helps to improve the seedling character, growth and nodulation with the help of seed Hardening treatments which are cost effective, economic, non-toxic and from eco-friendly sources.

Keywords: Greengram, Hardening Methods, Treatments, Germination, Seedling Characters, Neem Leaf Extract, CaCl2.

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How to cite this article:

Shivanisingh, A.K. Chaurasia, Bineeta M. Bara and Vijay Dugeskar. 2017. Effects of Hardening Methods on Seedling Characters, Germination and Nodulation in Greengram (Vigna radiata L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(9): 2297-2303. doi:
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