International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:4, April, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 836-849

Exit-site Infections in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients, Taif, Saudi Arabia
Khadijah Yousef  AL-Aali*
Microbiology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Taif  University, Taif, Sudia Arabia
*Corresponding author

Peritonitis is the most common infectious complication seen in peritoneal dialysis (PD).exit site infection has been thought to predispose PD patients to peritonitis Aim: to assesses exit-site infections in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis patients, Taif, Saudi Arabia. Method: A total 150  patients on peritoneal dialysis  were enrolled in this study, in Al-Hada Military Hospital Taif, Saudi Arabia, during the 5 months period from August to December 2015.Swabs were taken and processing under standard method. The age include from 35-60 years. Statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS. Result: Bacteria were grown from 51(33.9%) of the 150 exit site swabs taken. There is statistical significant difference between  Sex/ gender and ESIs, in peritoneal dialysate patients, female 70(46.6%) P 0.04, while grade 3 P 0.04, and in 56-60 year 40 (26.6%) P 0.04.The most commonly isolated organisms are, Staphylococcus aureus 15 (29.4%), MRSA 6(11.7%), E.coli 12(23.5%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa  9(17.6%). Acinetobacter baumannii 3 (5.8%), and Serratia marcescens 6(11.7%). The susceptibility pattern of bacteria isolated against 23 antimicrobial agents. All strains were susceptible to some antibiotic, resistance was observed in some strains.Conclusion :This study highlights the need for permanent evaluation by nurses on PD procedure performed by patients, family members, such as proper hand hygiene and hygiene of the skin near the insertion of the catheter.

Keywords: Exit-site infection,  ESI, infection; Peritonitis, Microbiology,  Peritoneal dialysis,Taif

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How to cite this article:

Khadijah Yousef  AL-Aali. 2016. Exit-site Infections in Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis Patients, Taif, Saudi Arabia.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 836-849. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.