International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2022 - IJCMAS--ICV 2022: 95.28 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020] For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues
Download Publication Certificate

Original Research Articles                      Volume : 12, Issue:4, April, 2023

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2023.12(4): 37-47

Anammox Process for Wastewater Nutrient Removal: Recent Trends and Future Prospects
1Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Uttar Pradesh, Noida, UP-201313, India
2Department of Biotechnology, Dr. D. Y. Patil Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Institute, Dr. D. Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author

Anammox (an abbreviation for anaerobic ammonium oxidation) is a reaction where specialized microorganisms with anamoxasomes carry out coupled oxidation reduction process where ammonium is oxidized, and nitrite is reduced to form dinitrogen. Here, nitrite is used as the electron acceptor under anoxic conditions. Anamoxasomes (phylum Planctomycetes) are strict anaerobes hence oxygen is not required for this process for treating nitrogen-rich wastewater. The Anammox process was discovered by Mulder in 1995 to avoid the need to add additional COD (chemical oxygen demand) to the system, it functions as an effective and affordable biological nutrient removal procedure in wastewater treatment. It is mainly done to protect the quality of the water body that it is discharged into. Algal bloom which is caused by fixed nitrogen such as ammonium and nitrate is avoided. Anammox is used as a better alternative approach for the removal of nitrogen from wastewater treatment as the bacteria requires less energy, reduces CO2 emissions, produces less excess sludge. It is also known as a low-energy consuming and ecofriendly technology. We can also observe increasing importance of anammox process. Therefore, this study reviews and discusses the current developments in anammox combined processes and its impact on wastewater treatment techniques.

Keywords: Anammox, Anamoxasomes, Nitrogen-rich wastewater, Biological Nutrient Removal

Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Khushi Gandhi, Molly Dua, Huda Afreen and Ravi Kant Singh. 2023. Anammox Process for Wastewater Nutrient Removal: Recent Trends and Future Prospects.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 12(4): 37-47. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.