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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(10): 17-32
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1110.003


Microaaray Analysis of Differential Gene Expression Profiles of Human Adult Cardiac Myocytes Challenged with Non-Self RNA
Farag A. Bleiblo1,5*, Souad A. M. Moftah2, Omar S. Alqabbasi3, Siham R. Agouri1,
Asma A. Elamari4, Samira F. M. Bo Hagar4 and Aseem Kumar5
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, University of Benghazi, Libya
2Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine-Al-Marj Campus, University of Benghazi, Libya
3Department of Biology, Faculty of Science-Alwahat Campus, University of Benghazi, Libya
4Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, University of Benghazi, Libya
5Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry and the Biomolecular Sciences Programme,
Laurentian University, Sudbury, ON, Canada
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Innate immunity utilizes pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) to sense conserved pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) expressed by various pathogenic molecules to activate the initial phase of immune response. Recognition of bacterial RNA by immune sensors induces antigen-specific immunity and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines. Cardiac myocyte dysfunction is clearly identified as underlying the acute heart failure associated with bacterial infections, sepsis, as well as chronic syndrome. Cardiac myocytes express functional PRRs and sense PAMPs directly. Although the immunostimulatory potential and receptor-mediated recognition of nonself RNA are well documented, no comprehensive analysis of differential gene expression in response to naturally occurring bacterial RNA or modified RNA has been reported. Using cDNA Microarrays, we have analyzed the differential gene expression profiles of human adult cardiac myocytes stimulated with bacterial RNA. Our analysis has revealed changes in the cardiac expression profiles of 140 genes. A large proportion of upregulated genes (100) encode proteins involved in regulating the immune responses including, proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines. A significant number of genes involved in stress signalling, homeostasis, and cardiac survival were also induced. We also identified 42 genes to be suppressed. Interestingly, genes implicated in regulation of cardiac cell cycle and transcription were among these repressed genes. Collectively, these Microarray data offer for the first time an insight into human cardiac myocytes response to immunostimulatory RNA such as bacterial RNA.


Keywords: Pattern recognition receptors, pathogen-associated molecular patterns
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How to cite this article:

Farag A. Bleiblo, Souad A. M. Moftah, Omar S. Alqabbasi, Siham R. Agouri, Asma A. Elamari, Samira F. M. Bo Hagar and Aseem Kumar. 2022. Microaaray Analysis of Differential Gene Expression Profiles of Human Adult Cardiac Myocytes Challenged with Non-Self RNA.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(10): 17-32. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1110.003