International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:1, January, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(1): 427-432

Seroprevalence of Human Brucellosis among Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital
Jagadevi, D. S. Shubha* and K. S. Sudhindra
Department of Microbiology, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga -577502, Karnataka, India
*Corresponding author

Brucellosis is zoonotic disease, more contagious and chronic disease with absence of specific clinical features which is difficult to diagnose clinically. Important test routinely used for diagnosing this disease is serological test although isolation of organism and Polymerase chain reaction used for definitive diagnosis. The present study was done to know the seroprevalence of human brucellosis in and around Chitradurga. Out of 154 Blood samples referred by clinicians for serodiagnosis of brucellosis to Microbiology laboratory 69 samples were included for evaluation of Brucella. Demographic, clinical and other required data of patients extracted from medical case records. Serum was separated from samples and Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT) carried out by both qualitative and semiquantitative method. The overall seroprevalence of brucellosis in the study was 11.59%. Disease was more commonly seen among 23-39 years age group. Slightly higher cases identifies among males than females. Fever with no apparent clinical features was present in 8/13(61.5%) patients. 69.2% cases had history of animal contact and living in rural areas. RBPT semiquantitative test Titres of 1:2 were detected in majority (38.4%) of samples. Conclusion: Though culture is gold standard, serology remains simple, cost effective, best diagnostic method for Brucellosis. Clinicians should have high degree of suspicion of brucellosis with history of animal contact, or living in rural areas. Use of the rose Bengal test as the sole technique for the diagnosis of brucellosis can be considered.

Keywords: Brucellosis, Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), seroprevalence, rapid diagnosis

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How to cite this article:

Jagadevi, D. S. Shubha and Sudhindra, K. S. 2022. Sero Prevalence of Human Brucellosis among Patients Attending a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(1): 427-432. doi:
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