International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:1, January, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(1): 1-10

Prevalence, Risk Factors and Economic Impacts of Ruminant Echinococcosis in the Urban Slaughterhouse of Dedougou, Burkina Faso
Séré ModouiD1*, Sanou Evariste Wilfried Ibrahim1, Dembélé René2, Kaboré Benoît3, Kaboré Adama4, Tamboura H. Hamidou4 and Belem Adrien Marie Gaston5

1Institut des Sciences de l’environnement et du Développement Rural (ISEDR), Université de Dedougou (UDDG). B.P. 176, Dedougou, Burkina Faso
2Unité de formation et de Recherche en Sciences Appliquées et Technologies, Université de Dedougou, Burkina Faso
3Direction Provinciale des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques (DPRAH), Direction Régionale des Ressources Animales et Halieutiques de la Boucle du Mouhoun (DRRAH/BM)
4Laboratoire de Biologie et de Santé animale / Institut de l'Environnement et de Recherches Agricoles du Burkina Faso (INERA) / CNRST,  03 B.P. 7192 Ouagadougou 03 Burkina Faso
5Institut du Développement Rural (IDR), Université Nazi Boni (UNB). 01 B.P. 1091 Bobo-Dioulasso 01 Burkina Faso
*Corresponding author

Parasitic diseases in domestic animals are a permanent obstacle for production, food safety and consumer health. The present work was conducted from september 2020 to april 2021 at the Dedougou abattoir to evaluate the prevalence of echinococcosis and the risk factors associated to this pathology in ruminants. Out of 14497 ruminants inspected, the prevalence of echinococcosis was 0.21%. The prevalence of echinococcosis in cattle, goats and sheep was 0.1%, 0.2% and 0.5% respectively, suggesting a significant effect of species on the transmission of the disease (P-value = 0.0203). Sheep were the most susceptible followed by goats. In addition to the animal species, the effect of animal’s age on the level of infestation was also significant, particularly for goats where the prevalence in animals under two years old (0.4%) was relatively higher (P-value=0.0001) than that recorded in animals over two years old (0.06%). Regarding the other risk factors studied, no significant impact was observed. Regarding condemnation, intestines (70.96%), livers (9.67%), and spleens (19.35%) were the organs affected by hydatid cysts and therefore seized. In view of the importance of ours results, control strategies must be put in place against this pathology in the commune in order to further reduce its impact on ruminants and to serve consumers with safe meat.

Keywords: Ruminants, meat, inspection, echinococcosis and Dedougou

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How to cite this article:

Séré Modou, Sanou Evariste Wilfried Ibrahim, Dembélé René, Kaboré Benoît, Kaboré Adama, Tamboura H. Hamidou and Belem Adrien Marie Gaston. 2022. Prevalence, Risk Factors and Economic Impacts of Ruminant Echinococcosis in the Urban Slaughterhouse of Dedougou, Burkina Faso.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(1): 1-10. doi:
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