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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(8): 765-774
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.086


Microbial Load and Resistance Pattern of Bacteria Organisms in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Household Rat
J.E. Egbagba1*, U.B. Owhe-Ureghe2, M.A. Alex-Wele3, S.D. Lawson4 and L.A. Orutugu5
1Department of Medical Microbiology, Federal Medical Centre Yenagoa, Nigeria 2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria 3Deartment of Medical Microbiology, University of Port Harcourt Teaching Hospital Port Harcout, Nigeria 4Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria 5Department of Medical Microbiology and Parasitology, Niger Delta University, Wilberforce Island, Amassoma, Nigeria
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Household rats are known agents of human diseases worldwide. They are vehicles of transmission of bacteria, viral, fungal and protozoal disease to man. Rats and human guts with similarities are colonized with normal flora that can harbour multidrug-resistant organisms transmissible to man. This study investigates the microbial load of household rats and their resistance micro-organisms which are transmissible to man. This knowledge is useful for household rat disease burden management in our environment and in healthcare setting. A cross-sectional descriptive and analysis of 200 trapped rat collected from 100 household in Abraka, Nigeria after consent were obtained. The trapped rats were killed, dissected and swab taken from each throat, small and large intestine respectively for analysis of bacteria and fungi load (Using serial, dilution and viable count method). Other biochemical tests for bacteria and fungi analysis were done according to standard Microbiology methods. The results obtained shows more bacteria load in small intestine of household rats compared to throat and large intestines. Bacteriodes fragilis and Escherichia coli were the predominant bacteria obtained, while Candida albicans and other Candida species were the most abundant fungi seen. More than two-third of the bacteria isolates were resistant to commonly used antibiotics such as Ampicillin, Penicillin, Trimetoprin-suphamethoxazole, and Cefriazone. Households rats in our study indicate a high burden of bacteria and fungi load with increased bacteria resistance. Reporting of this zoonotic disease associated with these organisms, proper diagnosis and management are required to mitigate this potential source burden of these disease causing agents.


Keywords: House hold rats, Antimicrobial resistance organisms, Abraka, Zoonotic diseases
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How to cite this article:

Egbagba, J. E., U. B. Owhe-Ureghe, M. A. Alex-Wele, S.D. Lawson and Orutugu, L.A. 2021. Microbial Load and Resistance Pattern of Bacteria Organisms in the Gastrointestinal Tract of Household Rat.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(8): 765-774. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.086