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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(8): 550-555
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.065


Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Hepatozoonosis in Dog
M. Mondal*, A. Maity, D. Mandal, P. S. Jana, M. Roy, M. C. Pakhira,F. Mridha, A. Soren, R. Raj and K. Kumar
Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata-700037, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The present communication depicts the detection and therapeutic management of canine hepatozoonosis. A total ten dogs of different breeds having symptoms of varying degrees of fever, emesis, anorexia etc were presented to the Department of Veterinary Clinical Complex at West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, Kolkata 700037, India during the period from May–December 2020. Most of the infected dogs showed pale conjunctival and oral mucus membrane, peripheral lymphadenopathy and hepatomegaly. Blood was collected for hematology, serum was harvested for biochemical estimation and Giemsa stained blood smear was made for diagnosis of Hepatozoon canis from naturally infected dogs. Haematological and serum biochemical findings revealed hypohaemoglobinaemia and erythrocytopaenia and lowered PCV clearly indicating anemia, lymphocytosis, hyperbilirubinemia, hypoalbuminemia, hyperglobulinemia and increased transaminase activities accompanied by elevated level of Alkaline Phosphatase. These cases were diagnosed as hepatozoonosis since examination of blood smear revealed presence of Hepatozoon canis gamonts inside neutrophils. The affected dogs were treated with a combination therapy including single dose of Inj. Imidocarb dipropionate (6.6 mg/kg subcutaneously) and orally Tab. Doxycycline (5 mg/kg) twice daily for 28 days. Supportive therapy was given with antiemetics, hematinics and plasma expanders. Majority of the affected dogs depicted uneventful recovery after 28 days of therapeutic management.


Keywords: Hepatozoon canis, haematology, biochemical alteration, therapeutic management
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How to cite this article:

Mondal, M., A. Maity, D. Mandal, P. S. Jana, M. Roy, M. C. Pakhira, F. Mridha, A. Soren, R. Raj and Kumar, K. 2021. Diagnosis and Therapeutic Management of Hepatozoonosis in Dog.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(8): 550-555. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.065