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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(7): 405-413
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.044


Microbial Diversity and their Role in Agaricus bisporus Production
Kanika Mahajan1, Sunil Kumar1*, Anil Rao2 and Ambrish Kumar Mahajan1
1Central University of Himachal Pradesh, Kangra-176206, H.P., India
2ICAR-Directorate of Mushroom Research-DMR Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Mushrooms are a significant food crop for large population throughout the globe. The main edible mushroom is the button mushroom (Agaricus bisporus), a perfect example of economical food production which is manufactured on a specific manure delivered from farming residue materials. In mushroom cultivation successive microbial community consists of a variety of microorganisms including bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi at first breakdown the straw to form lignin humus complex and discharge the gases, and then metabolise the cellulose and hemicellulose into compost microbial biomass. This decayed straw along with microbial biomass turns into an organic and inorganic nutrient source for the mushroom mycelium and these micoflora play a main role during the different stages of composting and resist the growth of other competitor in the crop production. In most farms, seasonal cultivation of this mushroom is being practiced, but they are vulnerable to a spread of viral, bacterial and fungal diseases. Standardization of compost composition and composting processes, disinfection of casing soil, cultural practices, and sanitation has significantly reduced the prevalence of those moulds in mushroom crops.


Keywords: Agaricus bisporus, Compost, Casing, Microbial ecology, Bacteria, Fungi
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How to cite this article:

Kanika Mahajan, Sunil Kumar, Anil Rao and Ambrish Kumar Mahajan. 2021. Microbial Diversity and their Role in Agaricus bisporus Production.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(7): 405-413. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.044