International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 10, Issue:7, July, 2021

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(7): 64-78

Colostrum – A Boon for Immunity: A Brief Review
Sonia Sangwan* and Raman Seth
Dairy Chemistry Division, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal-132001, Haryana, India
*Corresponding author

Colostrum, also known as fore-milk, beestings or bisnings, is the mammary secretion that all mammals offer as first feed to their newborns during the initial 24–48 hr post-parturition. The human also secretes colostrum at the time of parturition that creates the foundation of lifelong immunity. It lasts for 2-4 days after initiation of the lactation. Colostrum is an essential constituent of breast milk. It is different from milk secreted in the following weeks. Both human and bovine colostrum (BC) is thick in consistency, gluey and yellowish fluid full of several antibodies at a higher percentage than ordinary milk. Bovine colostrum (BC) contains higher lactalbumin concentration, lactoprotein, protein, immunoglobulin, lactoferrin, and growth factors. These immunoglobins provide passive immunity to the newborn and give power to fight many diseases. Immunoglobulin and growth factors constituents of colostrum can help in the treatment of autoimmune disorders. The high mortality rate in the world is due to immunity-related infections. BC is enriched with immunity, growth, and antimicrobial factors. It promotes tissue growth and the maturing of the gut and immune function in neonatal animals and humans. So, Bovine colostrum is a boon for body immunity and is a complete diet for neonates. In ruminants, colostrum is the source of initially acquired immunity for offspring and plays a vital role in mammalian host defence. Bovine colostrum is a complete diet that provides essential nutrients. It helps food industries to gain financial gains. This creates a responsibility for both scientists and the food industry to provide scientific evidence and transparency regarding the production and quality so that the benefits do not come second to financial gain. Considering the wide utility of colostrum for human heath, a brief literature review is presented about the immune factors in colostrum and its benefits.

Keywords: Colostrum, Immunity, First milk, Fore-milk, Lactalbumin, Lactoprotein

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How to cite this article:

Sonia Sangwan and Raman Seth. 2021. Colostrum – A Boon for Immunity: A Brief Review.

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(7): 64-78. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.