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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(7): 48-58
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.006


Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of Antibiotic resistance of Isolated Salmonella Strains from Chickens in Côte D'ivoire
Bonny Aya Carole* and Karou Tago Germain
Laboratory of Biotechnology, Agriculture and Development of Biological Resources, of the Biosciences Training and Research Unit, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, 22 BP 582 Abidjan 22.
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Poultry consumption in Côte d'Ivoire is booming, however it is the main reservoir of antibiotic resistant strains of Salmonella. The objective of this work is to assess the level of resistance to Salmonella antibiotics isolated from chickens. Salmonella strains (104) isolated from 51 batches of raw chicken gedisers were subjected to phenotypic and molecular characterization. Derby (18.9%), Budapest (17%), Essen and Kentucky (11.3%) represent the predominant serotypes. The antibiogram carried out showed resistance: high to cotrimoxazole (93.37%) and to tetracycline (73.08%); relatively moderate for ticarcillin (46.15%) and ciprofloxacin (28.85%) and lower for cefotaxime (0.96%). The resistance genes tet (A), bla CTX-M-1, bla CTX-Mconsensus, sul 1, qnr (A, B and S), sought by molecular tests (PCR and sequencing) revealed the presence of genes tet (A) (40%), sul 1 (40%), bla CTX-M-1 (65%) and the presumption of a diversity of bla genes including: CTX-M-2, -5, -44, -59, -92, -97, OXY and NDM-1. Therefore, monitoring the use of antibiotics in poultry farming remains an essential precaution to guarantee the safety of food intended for human consumption.


Keywords: Antibiotic-resistant Salmonella, chickens, food safety, Côte d'Ivoire
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How to cite this article:

Bonny Aya Carole and Karou Tago Germain. 2021. Phenotypic and Molecular Characterization of Antibiotic resistance of Isolated Salmonella Strains from Chickens in Côte D'ivoire.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(7): 48-58. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.006