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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(3): 2120-2125
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.267


Bacteriological Profile of Surgical Site Infection in a Tertiary Care Centre
Usha Verma1, Vishakha Ashopa1, Eshank Gupta1, Anita Gupta1, Parmeshwar Lal2, P. C. Gupta2 and Prabhu Prakash1*
Department of Microbiology, Dr S.N.M.C. Jodhpur, District Hospital, Paota, Jodhpur, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Surgical site infections (SSI), is a commonest nosocomial infection leading to morbidity and mortality amongst hospitalized patients.For proper management of the patients it is very essential to identify pathogen and its antibiotic susceptibility. The aim of study was to identify aerobic bacterial pathogen isolates and detect antimicrobial susceptibility pattern. This was a prospective study carried out on 380 hospitalized patients, who had LSCS and complaint of discharge from operation site within 30 days of surgery from January to December 2020. Two swabs & discharge from operation site were taken by using sterile cotton swabs, culture sensitivity and antibiogram was done. In study time, out of 380 samples, in 234 (61.58%) aerobic pyogenic isolates were detected, GPC, GNB and Candida spp. in 156 (66.66%), 68 (29.05) and 1 (0.42%) case respectively. The predominant isolate among GPC were CONS 93 (59.6%) followed by S.aureus 60 (38.46%) and Enterococcus 3 (1.9%). In GNB most common isolates was Escherichia coli 31 (45.6%) followed by, Acinetobacter 14(20.6%), Klebsiella 11(16.18%), Citrobacter 7 (10.3%) and Pseudomonas 5(7.35%). Candida spp. was isolated in 1 case. Vancomycin (91.67%) and Linezolid (91.02%) showed maximum sensitivity among GPC isolates. While in GNB, Piperacillin tazobactum (94.11%) and Gentamycin (89.70%) showed maximum sensitivity. This study shows that Escherichia coli and S.aureus are the commonest pathogenic organisms associated with the surgical site infection. Isolation of CONS in high cases shows breach in asepsis protocols. Appropriate hand hygiene, strict infection control practice will reduce the rate of SSI, cost of treatment and mortality and morbidity of patients.


Keywords: SSI, LSCS, BA, AST, CLSI
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How to cite this article:

Usha Verma,  Vishakha Ashopa, Eshank Gupta, Anita Gupta, Parmeshwar Lal, P. C. Gupta and Prabhu Prakash. 2021. Bacteriological Profile of Surgical Site Infection in a Tertiary Care Centre.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(3): 2120-2125. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.267