International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 10, Issue:1, January, 2021

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(1): 3137-3145

Opportunity of Mechanized Harvesting Methods of Cereal Crops in India: A Review
Suryakanta Khandai1*, Nitesh Gupta2, Saurajyoti Baishya1,Kanwar Singh1 and Virendar Kumar1
1International Rice Research Institute, Assam, India
2Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat, India
*Corresponding author

During harvesting, rain, hail and storm often cause considerable damage to standing cereal crops. Rapid harvest facilitates extra days for land preparation and earlier planting of the next crop. The availability and cost of labor during harvesting is a serious problem. The shortage of labour during harvesting season and vagaries of the weather cause great losses to the farmers. It is therefore, essential to adopt the mechanized harvesting methods so that the timely harvesting could be ensured. The use of mechanical devices for harvesting has increased in the recent years. The use of harvesting machines helps in harvesting the crop at proper stage of maturity, and also reduces human drudgery and operational time. This, in turn, generates spare time for education, social, cultural and political activities, and human development especially in women-headed farming households. The mechanical harvesting would be feasible and economical compared to traditional method in terms of time, labour requirement and money. In this paper, the studies on different types of harvesting machines and techniques have been reviewed and analyzed. The data revealed from different studies showed that up to 85% saving in labor, and approximately 75% reduction in harvesting losses are possible through mechanized harvesting methods. Besides, the cost of harvesting of paddy was reduced by 55% per hectare.

Keywords: Harvest, Drudgery, Time saving, Reduction in losses, Cost of harvest, Paddy

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How to cite this article:

Suryakanta Khandai, Nitesh Gupta, Saurajyoti Baishya, Kanwar Singh and Virendar Kumar. 2021. Opportunity of Mechanized Harvesting Methods of Cereal Crops in India: A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(1): 3137-3145. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.