International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 10, Issue:1, January, 2021

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(1): 1960-1971

Effect of Vermiaqua and Hospital wastewater on Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.)
Neha Verma1* and Ashok K. Ghosh2
1Department of Botany, A. N. College, Patna, India
2Bihar State Pollution Control Board, Patna, India
*Corresponding author

For the survival of life water is very important and its scarcity is really a very big issue for us and our society. So, its conservation is most important. When any type of untreated wastewater has been discharged into municipal collection system or in rivers and that water is used for irrigation of plants, it affects our ecosystem. Due to which the risks of infection increase because it contains so many organic and inorganic pollutants, pathogens, antibiotics, drug metabolites, microbes and other chemicals. For the purification and reuse of impure water so many physical, chemical and biological techniques have been developed. To overcome these types of problems a new technique vermifiltration is introduced. Vermifiltration is a natural and biological technique that is self-regulated, odourless and cost-effective. In this technique earthworm’s species (Eisenia fatida) has been used for purification purpose. They can bio-accumulate toxic substances, different chemicals, antibiotics and drug metabolites in their tissues. Their body works as biofilter because they can disinfect and detoxify different types of wastewater and the resulting filtrate (vermiaqua) is almost neutral, pathogen free and chemical free. The study of Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.) showed that vermiaqua promotes plant height, leaf size, flowering, fruiting and seedling growth.

Keywords: Momordica charantia, Vermifiltration (VF), Vermiaqua (VA), Hospital wastewater (HWW), Earthworms

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How to cite this article:

Neha Verma and Ashok K. Ghosh. 2021. Effect of Vermiaqua and Hospital wastewater on Bitter gourd (Momordica charantia L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(1): 1960-1971. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.