International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:9, September, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 627-633

In situ Enriched Compost Preparation from Rice and Wheat Straw using Tender Sunnhemp to Minimise Field Burning
K. Ghorai*
ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Barrackpore, Kolkata -120, WB, India
*Corresponding author

India is endowed with plenty of renewable wheat and rice straw, around 300 million tonnes annually. Due to its poor C: N ratio it does not decompose easily which can be accelerated using tender sunnhemp, rich in nitrogen. Thus enriched compost from rice and wheat straw was made using tender sunnhemp plants (45 DAS). Composts were also made from rice and wheat straw using other additives like mustard cake, field soil, FYM and N, P, K: : 10: 26: 26. The composting process took 4-6 months. The manure was doughed and moulded to blocks to retain its nutrients for longer time. The sunnhemp and straw compost is dark in colour, odor less, easy to handle and contains 1.95 per cent nitrogen, 0.848 per cent phosphorus. The bulk density of the said material is 0.4-0.5 g/cc. Available, phosphorus and potassium were 0.001 and 0.208 per cent respectively. It is estimated that around 200-300 million tonnes of enriched compost can be made annually in India. Composting from rice/wheat straw burning of wheat and rice straw minimises at large and maintain clean environment along with supply of plant nutrients to the hungry soil.

Keywords: Wheat straw, Rice straw, Sunnhemp, Enriched compost, Easy compost, Nutrient composition

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How to cite this article:

Ghorai, A. K. 2020. In situ Enriched Compost Preparation from Rice and Wheat Straw using Tender Sunnhemp to Minimise Field Burning.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 627-633. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.