International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:7, July, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(7): 453-471

Trends and Patterns of Major Animal Diseases in India
D. Bardhan*, Satyapal, Neeraj Kumar, Rizwan Khan and Sanjay Kumar
ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Bareilly - 243 006 (U.P.), India
*Corresponding author

The present study has assessed the trends and patterns of animal disease incidences, based upon official data reported by Department of Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers' Welfare, Government of India. A total of six diseases were considered in the study (viz. foot and mouth disease, haemorrhagic septicaemia, peste-des-petits ruminants, sheep & goat pox, classical swine fever and anthrax), for which consistent data were available during the period 2005-17. Changes in distribution of outbreaks, cases and deaths across seasons, geographical regions and species/breeds over the study period were analyzed. Annual Compound growth rates were obtained for various disease incidence parameters by fitting exponential regression models. To measure the diversity of cases/deaths of different livestock products, the Simpson index of diversity was computed. Risk indices were developed for different states pertaining to the diseases considered based upon five parameters, representing population and epidemiological characteristics, as measures of risk profile of the respective states. Overall the findings of the study revealed declining trends for all disease incidence parameters. Prevalence (cases per million population) has been highest for classical swine fever (CSF) during 2005-17, while case fatality rate was highest for anthrax during the same period. On the basis of average disease incidences during 2005-17, foot and mouth disease (FMD) and peste-des-petits ruminants (PPR) were identified as the most important diseases, in terms of cases and deaths, respectively. Moderate diversification pertaining to reported disease incidences were observed at the national level, more specifically for deaths. Wide season-wise variations in cases and deaths due to various diseases were observed. Similar variations in incidences of different diseases were observed across various geographical regions of the country. Region-wise cases and deaths for various diseases also revealed relatively more robust disease reporting from the north-eastern states.

Keywords: Animal diseases, disease risk, disease incidence

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How to cite this article:

Bardhan. D., Satyapal, Neeraj Kumar, Rizwan Khan and Sanjay Kumar. 2020. Trends and Patterns of Major Animal Diseases in India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(7): 453-471. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.