International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:3, March, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(3): 3157-3162

Bacteriological Profile of Early and Late onset Ventilator Associated Pneumonia
S. Sadiqa Begum1*, Mariraj Jeer2 and S. Krishna2
1Department of Microbiology, Subbayya Institute of Medical Sciences, Shimoga-577201, India
2Vijayanagara Institute of Medical Sciences, Ballari-583101, India
*Corresponding author

Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a common complication in intensive care units, occurring in 9% to 24% of patients intubated for longer than 48 hours. This study aims to determine bacteriological profile of early and late onset VAP and its antibiotic susceptibility pattern. A prospective study was performed in the ICU setting of a tertiary care hospital (VIMS, Ballari) over a period of 1 year. ETA culture of 68 patients with a clinical suspicion of VAP were analysed by standard microbiological procedures. The present study showed GNB as the most common organism isolated. Pseudomonas spp (24.6%), followed by Klebsiella spp (22.8%), Acenitobacter spp (12.3%), former being predominant in early onset variety & the latter in the late onset VAP. Other organisms like E.coli, Citrobacter species, Proteus species, staphylococcus aureus and CONS are isolated in their decreasing frequency. Most of the organisms are resistance to Beta lactams and cephalosporins but sensitive to carbepenems. The Bacteriological culture of endobroncheal aspirates is helpful in the diagnosis and management of VAP. MDR is seen in most patients of VAP, Carbepenems are effective in treatment.

Keywords: VAP, Mechanical ventilation, MDR, Endotracheal aspirate (ETA)

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How to cite this article:

Sadiqa Begum, S., Mariraj Jeer and Krishna, S. 2020. Bacteriological Profile of Early and Lateonset Ventilator Associated Pneumonia.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(3): 3157-3162. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.