International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:6, June, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 2794-2804

Epidemiological Study of False Smut of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Gujarat
Ankit Kantibhai Chaudhari*, Kalubhai Balubhai Rakholiya and Tushar Tersingbhai Baria
Department of Plant Pathology, N. M. College of Agriculture, Navsari Agricultural University, Navsari-396 450 (Gujarat), India
*Corresponding author

Rice false smut [Ustilaginoidea virens (Cooke) Takahashi] is an upcoming major disease in India. The initiation of the disease was recorded the 88th day after sowing and 9th September in 2017 and 86th day after sowing and 14th September in 2018. The incidence of false smut starts from 1.55 per cent at 36 MSW and reached to 7.22 per cent at 42 MSW in 2017 while, 0.53 per cent at 37 MSW and reached to 6.68 per cent at 42 MSW in 2018.However, in pooled of two years, the first symptom of false smut was recorded on 36 MSW (0.77%) and reached to 42MSW (6.95%). Correlation coefficient study between weather parameters and disease incidence indicated that all the parameters jointly played an important role in the development of false smut disease. Moreover, maximum and average temperature, morning and average relative humidity, morning and average cloudy weather and sunshine hours were found to play important role in the disease development.Stepwise regression, R-value i.e., 0.89, 0.80 and 0.75 per cent and co-efficient of determination, R2-value i.e., 79.90, 64.70 and 56.90 per cent were found high during 2017, 2018 and pooled of two year, respectively. These high R-value was indicated strong association between disease incidences to weather parameters.

Keywords: Epidemiology, False smut, Rice, Correlation, Regression, Weather parameter

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How to cite this article:

Ankit Kantibhai Chaudhari, Kalubhai Balubhai Rakholiya and Tushar Tersingbhai Baria. 2019. Epidemiological Study of False Smut of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Gujarat.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 2794-2804. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.