International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:6, June, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 90-95

Trace Mineral Status in Goats in Different Zones of Punjab State, India
Gurwinder Singh*, Sushma Chhabra and S.K. Uppal
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana- 141004, Punjab, India
*Corresponding author

The aim of the present study was to evaluate blood copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), Iron (Fe) and Manganese (Mn) status of healthy goats (209) managed under semi intensive system in the three different agro-climatic zones of Punjab. For this purpose, two hundred nine blood and hair samples of various breeds of goats were taken. The samples were analyzed for trace minerals by using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS) and the prevalence was recorded. Plasma Cu, Zn and Mn concentrations were significantly (P≤0.05) different among the three zones. The mean plasma Cu (0.57 ± 0.65 mg/l) concentration was lowest in sub-mountainous zone, whereas Zn (1.73 ± 0.12 mg/l) and Fe (4.83 ± 0.31mg/l) were lowest in central zone and Mn (0.81 ± 0.07 mg/l) was lowest in south-western zone. Hair concentration of Mn was significantly (P≤0.05) different among the zones, but Cu, Zn and Fe had non-significant differences. Subclinical deficiency of copper (73%) was the most prevalent trace mineral deficiency in goats followed by zinc and iron deficiencies. From the present study, it was clear that lower production and poor performance of goats in Punjab may be attributed to the trace mineral deficiency. Hence, regular supplementation of trace minerals is highly recommended.

Keywords: Zones, Goats, Plasma, Hair, Copper, Zinc, Iron, Manganese

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How to cite this article:

Gurwinder Singh, Sushma Chhabra and Uppal, S.K. 2019. Trace Mineral Status in Goats in Different Zones of Punjab State, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 90-95. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.