International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:6, June, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(6): 10-16

A Review on Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs
Shabnam Sidhu* and Swaran Singh Randhawa
Department of Veterinary Medicine, Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Ludhiana, India
*Corresponding author

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is one of the most common endocrinopathies observed in dogs. The main clinical manifestations are polydipsia, polyuria, polyphagia, weight loss and glucosuria. The etiology of diabetes mellitus is similar in dogs, cats and humans and is probably multifactorial (genetic, immune and environmental factors). Diabetes mellitus is described to be deficiency or absolute lack of insulin secretion is divided into two types: insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM). Various breed susceptibilities have been reported. Conventionally diagnosis of canine DM was based on persistent fasting hyperglycemia and glucosuria. However, nowadays serum fructosamine, glycated hemoglobin (GHb) and glycated albumin (GA) measurements are used to complement blood glucose concentration for the diagnosis and treatment response monitoring of DM. Traditionally, management of DM is achieved by insulin administration, diet, regular exercise and oral hypoglycemic drugs. Alternate therapies like use of encapsulated islet, gene therapy etc. are being evaluated for its clinical application in the efficient management of DM. This review will briefly summarize our current knowledge about the diagnosis and management of diabetes in dogs.

Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Dogs, Pancreas, Fructosamine, Glycated hemoglobin

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How to cite this article:

Shabnam Sidhu and Swaran Singh Randhawa. 2019. A Review on Diagnosis and Management of Diabetes Mellitus in Dogs.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(6): 10-16. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.