International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2022 - IJCMAS--ICV 2022: 95.28 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020] For more details click here

Login as a Reviewer

See Guidelines to Authors
Current Issues
Download Publication Certificate

Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:1, January, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(1): 324-338

Influence of Sibinin on DMBA Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free-Radical Damage in Norwegian Rat, Rattus norvegicus (L).
Vitthalrao B. Khyade*
Sericulture Unit, Malegaon Sheti Farm, Agricultural Development Trust Baramati, Shardanagar,(Malegaon Khurd) Post Box No.- 35 Tal. Baramati, Dist. Pune 413 115 Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author

7, 12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA) is acting as  immunosuppressor and it serves as a tumor initiator. Tumor promotion can be induced with treatments of 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) in some models of two-stage carcinogenesis. This allows for a greatly accelerated rate of tumor growth, making many cancer studies possible. The DMBA damages many internal organs including liver, by inducing the production of reactive oxygen species, DNA-adduct formation and affecting the activities of phase I, II, antioxidant and serum enzymes. The silibinin is a pharmacologically active constitute of Silybummarianum (L), with documented antioxidant activity. The aim of present attempt was to evaluate both histopathologically and biochemically whether silibinin is protective in DMBA induced liver damage. Thirty two Norwegian Rats (Rattus norvegicus L) were divided into four groups, as follows: 1) control group - oral corn oil was given; 2) DMBA group –DMBA was administered orally 335 mg/kg in the corn oil solution; 3) Silibinin group - 100 mg/kg/day silibinin was given alone orally, every 24 hours for 7 days; 4) Silibinin + DMBA group - DMBA plus silibinin was given. All rats were sacrificed at the end of experiment. Superoxide dismutases (SOD), glutathione peroxidase (GPX), nitric oxide (NO) and myeloperoxidase (MPO) were investigated in serum and liver tissue. In addition, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) enzyme activities were evaluated. The liver tissue was evaluated histopathologically with Hematoxilin& Eosin dye. Biochemically, ALT, AST, NO, MPO in serum and NO, MPO in liver tissue were found to be significantly higher in DIMBA group, compared to control group (P < 0.001). In Group Silibinin + DMBA, serum AST, ALT, NO, MPO levels were significantly lower (P < 0.01), and both serum and tissue SOD activities were significantly higher, compared to DMBA group (P < 0.001). DMBA induced histopathological changes in liver tissue were: severe sinusoidal dilatation, moderate disruption of the radial alignment of hepatocytes around the central vein, severe vacuolization in the hepatocyte cytoplasm, inflammation around central vein and portal region. In rats receiving both DMBA and silibinin, the DMBA induced changes accounted for less sinusoidal dilatation, vacuolization in the hepatocyte cytoplasm and the inflammation around central vein and portal region (P < 0.05). The DMBA was found to induce liver damage by oxidative stress mechanisms. Silibinin reduced the oxidative stress by inducing antioxidant mechanisms, thereby showing protective effect against DMBA induced liver damage. Further studies with silibininshould be performed regarding DMBA toxicity.

Keywords: DMBA; Oxidative Stress; Antioxidants; Histopathology; Liver.

Download this article as Download

How to cite this article:

Vitthalrao B. Khyade. 2017. Influence of Sibinin on DMBA Induced Hepatotoxicity and Free-Radical Damage in Norwegian Rat, Rattus norvegicus (L).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(1): 324-338. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.