International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:4, April, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(4): 284-289

Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Main Emphasis on H.contortus Infection in Small Ruminants
Dipali Parmar*, Shobha, Bhawana Khuswaha and Pooja Sharma
ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Izatnagar, Uttar Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author

Small ruminant farming serves as a major source of livelihood in rural areas where about 70% of the population is dependent on agricultural and livestock related activity. In spite of so high potential of these animals, production is significantly constrained due to disease caused by variety of pathogens that include bacteria, virus, protozoa and helminths. Among all these pathogens, parasites are the major cause of sub clinical cases which are not readily diagnosed in field conditions hence affecting production and economic status. These internal parasites cause prolonged and long term effects on animal health and wellness. A reduction in growth rate by 1/3rd is reported due to helminthic infestation in ruminants. Gastrointestinal nematodes that infect small ruminants mainly fall under Family Trichostrongylidae that consists of many pathogenic nematodes; most important among these is Haemonchus contortus. Pathogenesis of H. contortus is mainly correlated to its haematophagus nature leading to anaemia and high prolificacy causing rapid build-up of infection in the environment. Following review provides a general insight into gastrointestinal nematode parasitism and helps in better understanding of pathogenesis of haemonchosis.

Keywords: Nematodiasis, H.contortus, Small ruminants

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How to cite this article:

Dipali Parmar, Shobha, BhawanaKhuswaha and Pooja Sharma. 2019. Gastrointestinal Nematodiasis with Main Emphasis on H contortus Infection in Small Ruminants. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(4): 284-289. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.