International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 8, Issue:2, February, 2019

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2019.8(2): 2024-2038

Molecular Diversity and Population Structure in Breeding Lines of Castor (Ricinus communis L.)
Usha Kiran Betha* and C. Lavanya
ICAR-Indian Institute of Oilseeds Research (IIOR), Rajendranagar, Hyderabad-530030, India
*Corresponding author

Castor is a non-edible oilseed crop, primarily grown for oil containing an unusual hydroxy fatty acid and ricinoleic acid (80–90%) of the total fatty acids. Commercial exploitation of heterosis in castor was successful in India due to the development of stable pistillate lines from a dominant and epistatic “S” type pistillate source. Diversification of pistillate sources using NES and other new sources necessitated the need for identification of diverse male combiners among the existing pool of male combiners. In this study, 60 breeding lines/genotypes were characterized for genetic diversity and population structure using EST-SSRs primers. SSR allelic variation was low as indicated by the average number of alleles (2.8), gene diversity (0.53) and polymorphic information content (0.45). Cluster analysis (neighbor joining tree) revealed 3 major genotypic groups. The genotypes showed weak population structure (membership coefficients (≥ 0.75)) and 66.7% genotypes were classified into 3 populations (K=3) and the remaining 33.3% genotypes into admixture group in STRUCTURE analysis. The genetic diversity information generated in this study would assist in selection of diverse genotypes for breeding to exploit heterosis for development of hybrids.

Keywords: Castor, EST-SSR, Genetic diversity, Germplasm, Molecular marker

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How to cite this article:

Usha Kiran Betha and Lavanya, C. 2019. Molecular Diversity and Population Structure in Breeding Lines of Castor (Ricinus communis L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 8(2): 2024-2038. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.