International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:11, November, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(11): 733-740

Trends of Seroprevalence and Epidemiology of HIV Infection: A Five Year Tertiary Care Hospital Based Study
Nitin Arun Ambhore, Poonam C. Sayare*, Rajesh P. Karyakarte and Rupali S. Mantri
Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Akola-444005, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author

HIV prevalence is slowly but steadily declining. HIV counselling and testing services under ICTC are a key entry point to HIV prevalence and care. This study was carried out to estimate the prevalence of HIV infection in tertiary care hospital at Akola. Study was car­ried out through the analysis of data collected from ICTC. All the essential information was collected from interviewing the attendees. HIV antibodies were tested as per the NACO guidelines. Seroprevalence for HIV infection was found to be 4.51 % (2150/47677). There is decrease in the seroprevalence rate from 6.18% in 2011 to 3.22% in 2015. Seropositive males constituted more than females. Maximum number of clients tested seropositive in the age group of 31 - 40 years (39.09%).Self referred clients (65%) were in maximum numbers. Unprotected heterosexual contact was the most common mode of transmission of HIV. At the time testing 71.87% HIV infected clients showed CD4 count less than 500cell/mm3.  This study provides an important clue to understand the epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in and around the Akola region. This helps to establish an effective local planning for care, treatment and preventive strategies.

Keywords: Human Immunodeficiency Virus,Prevalence, Epidemiology.

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How to cite this article:

Nitin Arun Ambhore, Poonam C. Sayare, Rajesh P. Karyakarte and Rupali S. Mantri. 2016. Trends of Seroprevalence and Epidemiology of HIV Infection: A Five Year Tertiary Care Hospital Based Study.

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(11): 733-740. doi:
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