International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:10, October, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 3246-3258

A Study on Phenotypic Methods for the Detection of Biofilm Production in Indwelling Medical Devices Used In Intensive Care Units in a Tertiary Care Hospital
J.K. Surekha1 and Devara Sudha Madhuri2*
1Department of Microbiology, Govt. Medical College Mahabub Nagar, Telangana, India
2Department of Microbiology, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, Telangana, India
*Corresponding author

Biofilms are surface associated bacterial communities surrounded by a matrix of exopolymers. Biofilms contribute to the development of persistent infections due to their refractiveness to antibiotic therapy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate three methods for detection of biofilm formation in different indwelling devices. For detection of biofilm formation, out of the 100 indwelling devices processed, 52 bacterial isolates showed growth and these were subjected for biofilm production detection by tissue culture plate (TCP) method, Tube method (TM) and Congo red agar (CRA) method. Of the 52 bacterial isolates, 42 isolates (80.7%) were found to be biofilm producers. The present study revealed that maximum number of biofilm producers, were isolated from the endotracheal tubes (E.T.T.’s) (86%). The most common organism producing biofilm from the E.T.T.’s was Klebsiella pneumoniae (36%). Biofilm producers from the intravenous catheter tips (I.V.C.) were 80%, out of which S. epidermidis (45%) was found to form highest number of biofilm producers. Klebsiella pneumoniae (25%) produced biofilm from Nasogastric tubes (N.G.T.) and 20% of Acinetobacter baumanii produced biofilms in Inter Costal Drain tubes (I.C.D.). Out of the 52 isolates subjected for biofilm Production, T.C.P. Method detected 42 (80.7%), T.M. Method detected 38 (66%), C.R.A. Method detected 8 (14%) of the biofilm Producers. Out of the 42 isolates which produced biofilms by T.C.P. method, 10 (23%) were strong, 26 (62%) were moderate & 6 (14%) were weak biofilm producers. Out of the 38 isolates which produced biofilms by T.M., 4(10.5%) were strong, 28 (66%) were moderate, 8 (19%) were weak biofilm Producers. Among the different microorganisms, the frequency of biofilm production showed by 42% of P. aeruginosa isolates, 37.5% of A. baumanii, 25% E. coli, 14% of K. pneumoniae. In our study we found that TCPM was the gold standard phenotypic method used for detection of biofilms in resource limited settings. Our study did not recommend C.R.A. method for screening of biofilms due poor sensitivity

Keywords: Medical devices, Biofilm formation, Congo red, Tissue culture plate, Tube method

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How to cite this article:

Surekha, J.K. and Devara Sudha Madhuri. 2018. A Study on Phenotypic Methods for the Detection of Biofilm Production in Indwelling Medical Devices Used In Intensive Care Units in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 3246-3258. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.