International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:10, October, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(10): 634-640

Nutrient Profile Study on Locally Available Small Indigenous Species (SIS) of Paschim Medinipur District of West Bengal, India
Prasanta Jana1*, Mritunjoy Paul1, Pranaysree Pravat Kumar2, Sachin Sahu3 and Arka Chowdhury4
1Fish Nutrition, Biochemistry & Physiology Division, ICAR-Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai-400061, India
2Lamtaput Block, Koraput District, Directorate of Fisheries, Govt. of Odisha, Odisha, India
3Kawardha Block, Office of Assistant Director of Fisheries, Kabirdham, Chhattisgarh, India
4Department of Aquaculture, Faculty of Fishery Sciences, West Bengal University of Animal & Fishery Sciences, Kolkata - 700094, India
*Corresponding author

The proximate composition of twenty one small indigenous species (SIS) viz. Baim (Mastacembelus armatus), Bele/Bailla (Glossogobius giuris), Kholisha (Colisa fasciata), Nama Chanda (Chanda nama), Ranga Chanda (Parambassis ranga), Folui (Notopterus notopterus), Gulsha Tangra (Mystus cavasius), Guchi (Mastacembelus pancalus) Sor Punti (Puntius sophore), Koi (Anabas testudineus), Magur (Clarias batrachus), Meni (Nandus nandus), Morala (Amblypharyngodon mola), Rani/Bou (Botia Dario), Shinghi (Heteropneustes fossilis), Taki (Channa punctatus), Tara Baim (Macrognathus aculeatus), Tangra (Mystus vittatus), Tit Punti (Puntius ticto), Shol (Channa striatus), Chitol (Notopterus chitala) available in Paschim Medinipur district of West Bengal were analyzed to assess their nutritive value. Major nutrient composition of different small indigenous fishes (SIS) like protein, lipid, moisture, ash and carbohydrate were estimated by standard methods. The crude protein content ranged between 13.86% and 19.17% with the highest protein was found in shinghi (H. fossilis) and lowest in kholisha (C. fasciata). Likewise, the lipid content varied from 1.18% (H. fossilis) to 5.21% (B. dario). Moisture content show a discrepancy from 72.65% (P. sophore) to 79.71% (C. punctatus). Other nutrients such as carbohydrate content varies from 1.05% (N. chitala) to 4.95% (A. testudineus) whereas, the ash content varied from 1.38% (C. batrachus) to 4.35% (P. ticto). From the present study, it could be concluded that the SIS are the cheap source of quality protein and major micronutrients thereby safeguarding both nutritional and livelihood security as well as the protein hunger.

Keywords: Small indigenous species (SIS), Proximate composition, Nutritive value, Livelihood security, Protein hunger

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How to cite this article:

Prasanta Jana, Mritunjoy Paul, Pranaysree Pravat Kumar, Sachin Sahu and Arka Chowdhury. 2018. Nutrient Profile Study on Locally Available Small Indigenous Species (SIS) of Paschim Medinipur District of West Bengal, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(10): 634-640. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.