International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences
ISSN: 2319-7706 Volume 2 Number 10 (2013) pp. 90-98
Role of Health and Nutritional Care on Outcome of Pregnant Women in Birdem Hospital, Bangladesh
A. K. Obidul Huq1 *, Julia Afreen Moonmoon2 , Nuzhat Andalib3 , Md. Jahangir Alam4 , K.M.Formuzul Haque5 and M.Bellal Hossain6
1Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail-1902, Bangladesh 2BIRDEM Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh 3Department of Food and Nutrition, Bangladesh College of Home Economics, Dhaka, Bangladesh 4Department of Food Technology and Nutritional Science, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Tangail-1902, Bangladesh 5Department of Public Health, Daffodil International University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh 6Department of Nutrition and Food Engineering, Daffodil International University, Dhaka 1207, Bangladesh *Corresponding author e-mail:
A cross sectional study was conducted among the randomly selected 250 pregnant mother who delivered a baby in BIRDEM hospital and the major aim was to measure the pregnancy outcome and the role of nutrition of it. The observing pregnant mother s average age was 28.9± 4.9 years and majorities of them were housewives (79%). The mean household income was Tk. 42,034.40 ± 8,903.86 only, which may possible to standard living cost. However, it was a threaten that more than one third (34.0%) of the mother deliver low birth weight baby. Immediately after birth, the nurse or doctor measure the Apgar score and it was observed that only 40.8% babies Apgar score was good as the score 8 to 10 is denoted better health condition. About one third (27.6%) of the pregnant women complain than their had been occurred some pregnancy related complications such as pre- eclampia/eclampia/ toxemia (25.4%), gestational diabetes mellitus (18.9%), premature delivery (12.7%) and obstructed delivery (11.3%) etc. The relation between monthly income and nutritional status of the mother immediately after delivery by cross tabulation was very poor (r=0.109). More normal BMI levels were observed in medium monthly income compare to higher income. Housewives were more low birth weight baby deliver compare to NGO services holders. A non linear regression between birth weight and nutritional status were observed. It was surprisingly noted that there was negative correlation (r = -0.158) found between monthly income and knowledge about food and nutrient and significant (p<0.05) at two-tailed partial correlation test. Food consumption pattern indicated that as income rises the consumption of roti/ chapatti/ bread consumption were decreases at the breakfast whereas meat, fish, egg or vegetables consumption were the same as the income rises. During lunch and dinner food item choices does not depends on their monthly income. In case of meat, fish and egg consumption, there was very similar trend observed in both lunch and dinner
Low Birth Weight,; Apgar Score; BMI; Pregnancy Complications