International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 7, Issue:9, September, 2018

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2018.7(9): 2348-2361

Impact of Deficit Irrigation, Straw Mulch and Nitrogen Fertilizer on Vegetative Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.)
Abarchi Idrissa1*, Maman Nouri2, Dahiratou Ibrahim Doka3, Jimoh Saka4, Zhang Zhan-Yu5 and Guo Xiang-Ping5
1Université Dan Dicko Dankoulodo de Maradi, Faculté d’Agronomie et des Sciences de l’Environnement, BP: 465 Maradi, Niger
2Centre Régional de la Recherche Agronomique de Maradi, Niger
3Laboratoire de mycologie, Ecole Normale Supérieure, Université Abdou Moumouni de Niamey, BP: 10963 Niamey, Niger
4Department of Forest Resources Management, University of Ibadan, Nigeria
5Department of Agricultural Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
*Corresponding author

Water Deficit is an important limiting factor for crop growth and production in some regions of the world. It elicits several morphological responses in crop plants. Most of these responses are adaptive mechanisms to withstand water deficit or drought and to ensure both survival and reproduction. Balanced and integrated use of nitrogen fertilizer and straw mulch may enhance the accumulation of soil organic matter, improves soil physical properties and increase crop yield. Hence, impact of deficit irrigation, nitrogen fertilizer and straw mulch on the vegetative growth of maize were examined in a green house. The objective is to determine measures which will enhance resistance to drought and increase maize growth with improved soil conservation. Twelve treatments were considered by varying irrigation, rice mulch, and nitrogen fertilizer. Results obtained based on statistical analysis reveal that: (i) Mulch reduces the amount of water needed for irrigation. (ii) Mulch significantly (P<0.05) affect plant height, leaf number, leaf area and shoot biomass. (iii) The interactions of fertilizer mulch and fertilizer water significantly affect shoot biomass. Further field studies are needed to extrapolate the findings to a wider range of seasonal and site conditions.

Keywords: Water stress, Green house, Straw mulch, Biomass, Fertilizer, Maize

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How to cite this article:

Abarchi Idrissa, Maman Nouri, Dahiratou Ibrahim Doka, Jimoh Saka, Zhang Zhan-Yu and Guo Xiang-Ping. 2018. Impact of Deficit Irrigation, Straw Mulch and Nitrogen Fertilizer on Vegetative Growth of Maize (Zea mays L.).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 7(9): 2348-2361. doi:
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