International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 6, Issue:11, November, 2017

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2017.6(11): 970-977

Endometrial Regeneration and Conception Rate Following Oestrus Induction with Ovsynch Treatment in Normally Calved and RFM Treated Cows
C. Velladurai*, R. Ezakial Napolean, M. Selvaraju, K.A. Doraisamy and G.A. Balasubramaniam
Department of Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal-2, Tamil Nadu, India
*Corresponding author

Endometrial histopathology was studied in 16 cows at 35-50 days post-partum period including 8 cows treated for RFM (Group I) and 8 normally calved cows (Group II) before and after oestrus induction with Ovsynch treatment. In NC cows, the uterine endometrium was intact. Multiple glandular acini and congestion were noticed. Uterine subendometrium showed few glandular acini lined with single layer of epithelial cells. Solitary glandular acini lined by multi layers of epithelial cells. Histopathology of the uterus in the RFM affected cows before treatment reveals discontinuation of the endometrial epithelial lining. Complete loss of epithelial lining associated with degenerative changes and atrophied glandular acini and loss of epithelial cells in the endometrial glands. After treatment, NC cows showed active proliferation of epithelial cells with intactness of endometrium. Uterus showed normal architecture of subendometrium with glandular acini. The intact endometrium with hyperplasia of endometrial glands was observed. The histological changes in RFM affected cows after treatment were highly impressive. Proliferations of epithelial lining of endometrium and engorged blood vessels with active glandular acini of the endometrial glands are evident. The first service, second service and overall conception rates observed were 25.00, 50.00 and 75.00 and 37.50, 50.00 and 87.50 per cent in Group I and II, respectively. Hence it is concluded that increased conception rate after ovsynch treatment in post-partum NC than the RFM affected cows positively correlated with the well healthy endometrium lining and glandular development.

Keywords: Endometrium, Conception rate, Oestrus, Ovsynch, Cows, RFM.

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How to cite this article:

Velladurai, C., R. Ezakial Napolean, M. Selvaraju, K.A. Doraisamy and Balasubramaniam, G.A. 2017. Endometrial Regeneration and Conception Rate Following Oestrus Induction with Ovsynch Treatment in Normally Calved and RFM Treated CowsInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 6(11): 970-977. doi:
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