International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 5, Issue:4, April, 2016

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2016.5(4): 772-777

Evaluation of different screening tests for detection of Urinary Tract Infections in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic
S.G. Mundhada1*, K.V. Ingole2, M.P. Bhise3 and S.V. Shaikh4
Department of Microbiology, Dr.V.M. Government medical college Solapur, Maharashtra, India
*Corresponding author

Detection of asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) and its treatment in pregnant women is important. It will be helpful in early detection of Urinary tract infection (UTI) and prevention of untoward future complications in the mother and baby due to UTI. Aim- To know most prevalent bacterial pathogen causing UTI and evaluate different screening tests in comparison with culture method in the diagnosis of UTI. Material and method-Total 300 midstream urine specimens were processed. On one part of sample semiquantative culture was done and on another part various screening test (wet mount, Gram’s stain, catalase test, triphenyl tetrazolium chloride test and modified Griess nitrate test) were performed and compared with culture. Result-Out of 300 urine samples, 138(46%) samples were culture positive.E coli was most common bacteria pathogen isolated. Among screening tests, modified Griess nitrate test and TTC test were more specific. While catalase test and Gram stain were both sensitive and specific. wet mount examination found to be the least useful test. Conclusion- A combination of screening tests should be used for diagnosis of UTI as there is no single test with 100% sensitivity and specificity in resource limited area still culture remain gold standard for diagnosis of UTI.

Keywords: Catalase test, Gram’s stain,Modified Griess nitrate test, Screening tests, TTC test, Urinary tract infection

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How to cite this article:

Mundhada, S.G., K.V. Ingole, M.P. Bhise and Shaikh, S.V. 2016. Evaluation of different screening tests for detection of Urinary Tract Infections in pregnant women attending the antenatal clinic.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 5(4): 772-777. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.