'' '' '' '' '' '' '' '' Genetic Diversity of Some Apples Genotypes in Ex situ Collection
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:12, December, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(12): 1-6
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1112.001


Genetic Diversity of Some Apples Genotypes in Ex situ Collection
Tatjana Kokaj*
Agriculture University of Tirana/ IRGJB, Albania
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The apple tree belongs to the Rosaceae family, the Pomoidea subfamily, and the Malus genus. This genus is very reach and in Albania country, wild and cultivation resources. We have authocton germplasm and introduction apples germplasm. The apple tree its typical areas are continental, cold areas. The apple tree is important tree for consummator because have a lot health value. A variation in the qualitative and quantitative was found in the fruit of apple genotype, included in the collection of Gene Bank. In this collection were analyses at all the apples genotype, mainly in the fruit of apples genotype, such is colour fruit, dimension fruit, weight fruit, chemical analyses, etc. Fruit diameter was ranged from 30 to 60 to 70 mm/ length and from 35 to 55 to 75 mm width. The index shape studied for accession varieties ranged from 0.80 mm to 1.09. 3/12, ¼, 2/4, 6/5, 6/11, 6/7, 6/1, 2/3, it had a longer shape compared. The purpose of this study is to characterization and evaluation traits apple which founded in collection of Valias. In this research was determining morphological diversity for 24 accessions apple. In this research was examined twenty four different apples genotype. Weight depending on the biological characteristics of the variety. The fruit weight is parameters which depending from climatic condition, from technology applied and other serves agrotechnic and productivity of the tree. The weight of accession apples ranged. In this collection domination medium weight fruit. Fruit weight is different between accessions apple which moving 80 to 130, 150, 180, 230 gr to 200, 400, 550 to 700 gr. Weight moving from year to year. Other index of colour fruit which moving from green to light green to yellow to red. Domination character is green fruit colour. Other character is form of fruit which ranged long conic to globose to globose –conic to flat – globose, oblong to ellipsoid and flat. In this collection have diversity of forms apples, this table show this features. Over colour is only for few genotype apples. Red, pink, purple and brown. Type over colour is other trait, is classification on splashed, slighty out, striped mottled. Cluster analyses showed that hight phenotypic varaiation among the apple genotypes investigated. In dendogram created using morphological characteristics of apple genotypes. Those genotypes come to the terms of fruit weight. Significant variation was determinate among the apple genotypes investigated, which can be used in apple breeding programs to improve the desired traits. Morphological characteristics have been affirmed as an important method for identyfing the apple genetic resources.


Keywords: Apples, refract meter, sugar, color, collection, vegetative, seed, grafting
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How to cite this article:

Tatjana Kokaj. 2022. Genetic Diversity of Some Apples Genotypes in Ex situ Collection.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(12): 1-6. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1112.001
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.