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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(8): 283-289
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1108.030


Investigations of Foreign Bodies in Camel (Camels dromedaries) Fore Stomach at Tamboul Slaughterhouse, Eastern Gezira, Gezira State, Sudan
Bilal Mohamed Hamed Elkhair1*, Mohammed Ahmed Hassan Ghurashi2,
Gehan Abdulla Mohamed Ahmed3, Mohammed Ahmed Gamaa Musa Gamaa4
and Khidir Abdin Khidir Elhassan3
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, Al-Butana University Eastern Gezira- Gezira State, Sudan
2Sudan Open University, Secretariat of Academic Affairs, Khartoum, Sudan
3Department of Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, Sudan university of Science and Technology (SUST), Khartoum, Sudan
4Department of Veterinary Medicine, University of West Kurdufan, Kurdufan, Sudan
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

A cross sectional study was conducted on one hundred camel slaughtered at Tamboul slaughterhouse from January to March 2021. The study was carried out to determine the prevalence and type of foreign bodies in rumen and reticulum of camel and to assess the association of risk factors with the occurrence of foreign bodies. Postmortem examination was employed for the recovery of foreign body from rumen and reticulum. A total of one hundred camels were examined using systematic random sampling method. 12% of the examined animals were found positive for indigestible foreign bodies in their rumen and/or reticulum. Risk factors such as age, sex, physiological status and nature foreign bodies were taken into consideration. There was statistical significance difference between prevalence recorded in pregnant animals with prevalence of 87.5% of foreign bodies than empty animals with prevalence of 12.5% of the affected animals. Statistical significant difference were recorded in old animals (>6 years) with prevalence of 75% than adult (1-6 year) with prevalence of 25% (p≤0.05). Prevalence based on sex was showed that 33.3% positive cases observed in male and 66.7% in female individuals. Taking the nature of foreign bodies in consideration 41.7% of them were plastic bags, 33.3%, cloth, and 25.0% were robe. In conclusion, this study proved that the foreign body ingestion found in camel grazing in open areas were contaminated with clothes, plastic material, robes, nails and other indigestible materials could cause serious health problem for free grazing animals.


Keywords: Tamboul, slaughterhouse, camel, foreign bodies, rumen, prevalence
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How to cite this article:

Bilal Mohamed Hamed Elkhair, Mohammed Ahmed Hassan Ghurashi, Gehan Abdulla Mohamed Ahmed, Mohammed Ahmed Gamaa Musa Gamaa and Khidir Abdin Khidir Elhassan. 2022. Investigations of Foreign Bodies in Camel (Camels dromedaries) Fore Stomach at Tamboul Slaughterhouse, Eastern Gezira- Gezira State –Sudan.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(8): 283-289. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1108.030