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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(8): 130-146
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1108.013


Carcass Characteristics, Physicochemical Properties and Nutritional Composition of Meat from two Wild Birds: Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) and Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata)
1Department of Food Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Natural Resources, Institute of African and Nile States Researches and Studies, Aswan University, Aswan, Egypt
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of the carcass, physicochemical properties as well as nutritional composition in breast and leg meat (with skin) of two different genotypes of wild birds namely: pintail (Anas acuta) and shoveler (Spatula clypeata) with regard to sex effect. The study involved forty-eight birds, 24 pintail and 24 shovelers (1:1 sex ratio) harvested during the hunting season (in September and November 2020) in lake Nasser from the Gerf-Hussein region, south Aswan Government. After the slaughter and dissection. PH, WHC and color coordinates of the breast and leg muscles were specified after 24 h of slaughter. After the dissection, breast and leg meats minced with their skin were sampled to determine cross composition, some minerals, amino acids profiles. The studied birds showed significant differences in body weight (BW), carcass weight, dressing percentage and percentages of neck and gizzard. Genotype affected the redness (a*), yellowness (b*), moisture, fat, ash and energy value of breast muscles, and also pH24, lightness (L*), redness (a*), moisture, fat, ash and energy value of leg muscles. Regardless of genotype, males showed higher body weight, carcass weight, as well as breast and leg cuts weight compared to females. The shovelers had a higher content of K, Mg, Ca, Fe and Co in breast and leg muscles compared to the pintail. While Pb and Cd exceeded maximum admissible levels which are recommended by European common regulation. Cd was detected only in breast and leg muscles from pintail. The essential amino acid content ranged from 39.73-44.45 g/100 g protein in pintails against 41.46-44.94 g/100 g protein in shovelers.


Keywords: Wild birds, Pintail, Shoveler, Dressing percentage, Color, Minerals, Amino acid
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How to cite this article:

Mokhless Ahmed Mohamed Abd El‑Rahman, Ahmed Hamed Khalifa and Ahmed Shabaan Badri Ashour. 2022. Carcass Characteristics, Physicochemical Properties and Nutritional Composition of Meat from two Wild Birds: Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) and Northern Shoveler (Spatula clypeata).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(8): 130-146. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1108.013