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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(7): 13-23
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1107.003


Occurrence and Risk Factors of Fungal Infections in Fruits Traded at the Eldoret Market
Pamela Mwikali Charles* and Lizzy Mwamburi
Department of Biological Science, University of Eldoret, P.O Box, 1125, Eldoret – Kenya
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Fruits are highly perishable commodities because of frequent outbreaks of fungal infections, which may affect the shelf life of the fruits in the market resulting in major losses to the farmers The comprehensive survey of market storage and post harvest fungal diseases of some important fruits in Eldoret Market, Kenya was undertaken during January 2012 to May 2012. Fungi were isolated and identified and their risk factors determined in fresh fruits (oranges Citrus sinerius, lemons Citrus limon, tangerine Citrus rectaculata, bananas Musa spp., pawpaws Carica papaya, avocados Persia americana, mangoes Mangifera indica, eggfruits Solanum melanongena, tomatoes Lycopersicum esculentum, pepers Capsicum spp.). Slides of diseased tissues were made and observed under light microscope for fungal species. Recurrent sampling from the available market fruits depicted variable intensity of fungal flora. Seven fungal species isolated and identified from the fruits and these were: Penicillium spp., Geotrichum spp., Furasium spp., Colletotriumchum spp., Altenaria spp., Rhizopus spp. and Gloesporium spp. Significantly (p < 0.05) higher occurrence of Gloesporium spp., Alternaria spp. and Penicillium spp. The prevalence of fungal infections reduced with age sex and levels of education of the respondents. Fruits obtained from the local markets, stored under poor conditions had higher prevalence of fungal infections. This study recommended that traders should provide better storage devices for their fruits to avoid fungal infection.


Keywords: Solanum melanongena, storage devices, Lycopersicum esculentum, Mangifera indica
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How to cite this article:

Pamela Mwikali Charles and Lizzy Mwamburi. 2022. Occurrence and Risk Factors of Fungal Infections in Fruits Traded at the Eldoret Market.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(7): 13-23. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1107.003