'' '' '' '' '' Weed Smothering (<em>Corchorus olitorius </em>L.) in Jute by its High Density Broadcast Sowing, using Cover Crop Principle
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[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:3, March, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(3): 108-119
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1103.013


Weed Smothering (Corchorus olitorius L.) in Jute by its High Density Broadcast Sowing, using Cover Crop Principle
A. K. Ghorai* and Suman Roy
ICAR-Central Research Institute for Jute and Allied Fibres, Kolkata-700 120, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Jute being a C3 crop, it cannot compete with the C4 weeds at its early stage and about 40 per cent of total cost of cultivation of jute goes in weeding process alone. Upsurge of new weed flora, labour scarcity, herbicidal resistance and its environmental concern and slow mechanization urged us to control weeds in jute field by its smothering effect. Experiments were conducted at ICAR-CRIJAF, Barrackpore, WB in 2018-19, 2019-20 & 2020-21 with jute (cv. NJ-7010) by its high density broadcast sowing (seed rate @ 6.0 to 7.5 kg/ha). Irrigation, fertiliser and pesticides requirements were standardised for this purpose. Only 45 cm wide strip (5% of total area) around the jute field was manually weeded to prevent seed formation of weeds in boarder areas. The dense jute canopy (200-348 /m2) of 29 cm mean height at 25- DAS reduced the incident light at jute base by 90-95 per cent and dominated all C4 weeds. In this 1st year it reduced the grass, broadleaf, sedges weed population (max 52 m2) and weed bio mass by 98, 98.5, 64.5 and 91.65 per cent respectively over manual weeding twice. Next year at 25 DAS it reduced the grass sedges weed population by 70, and 62% respectively over initial status. In third year most of the grass (507/m2), broadleaved (504/m2) and sedges (52/m2) were smothered by its cover crop effect at early stage (25 DAS). Remaining weeds were rudimentary, incapable of producing seeds. In consecutive three years out, of 20.7 lakh (40 DAS), 26.8 (25 DAS), 34.8 l lakh jute plants/ha (15 DAS), only 3.3, 6.3 and 7.64 lakhs jute plants/ha i.e., 16, 23.5 and 22 % of total initial population were found effective and harvested (125 to135 DAS). The improved experiment of 2nd and 3rd year produced 3.837 & 3.798 t fibre/ha respectively which were at par with manual weeding, chemical herbicide and mechanical weed control process. It eliminated weeding and thinning processes and consumed only 195 and 276 man days/ha from sowing to fibre extraction over conventional method (340 to 365 man days/ha). It saved 89-145 man days/ha (Rs.22500 to 36250/ha). Mesta (Hibiscus cannabinus) also showed similar response as smother crop (2018-19). Pretilachlor 50 EC @ 0.9 l a.i/ha (POE, 7 days) was found effective for weed control in zero till piara crop. Weed smothering by intercropping green garm with jute (1:1)/mixed cropping were also found economic, produced 0.8-1.0 t pulse grain/ha along with 2.7-2.9 t jute fibre and 1.7 to 2 tonnes nutrogen rich (2.35%) pulse waste per ha.. Pre emergence herbicide Pretilachlor 50 EC and Ipfencarbazone 22.8 %SC were found effective for jute. This weed smothering merit of jute can be used for reducing weed seeds in seed bank growing in repeated flushes, it can also be used as cover crops for different crops which will seqester a lot of carbon to soil also. Weed smothering by high density broadcast jute sowing will eliminate dependence on herbicides, mechanical and manual weeding and make jute farming more remunerative and sustainable in nature.


Keywords: High density sowing, light transmission, weed smothering, chemical & mechanical weed control, economic
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How to cite this article:

Ghorai, A. K. and Suman Roy. 2022. Weed Smothering (Corchorus olitorius L.) in Jute by its High Density Broadcast Sowing, using Cover Crop Principle.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(3): 108-119. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1103.013
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.