'' '' '' '' '' '' Selenium and Vitamin E on Reproductive Health of Dairy Cattle: An Overview
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NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 11, Issue:3, March, 2022

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
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Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2022.11(3): 95-107
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1103.012


Selenium and Vitamin E on Reproductive Health of Dairy Cattle: An Overview
Souvik Dhara iD 1*, Swati Thakur iD 2, Sk Md Sadique Anwar3, Abhinaba Maiti4,Tanay Ghosh5 and Ruokuobeinuo Houzha4
1Department of Animal Reproduction, Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati- 781022, Assam, India
2Department of Veterinary Physiology, LUVAS, Hisar, Haryana (124004), India
3Department of Livestock Products Technology, West Bengal University of Animal and Fishery Sciences, 68, K.B. Sarani Kolkata-37, West Bengal, India
4Department of Veterinary Physiology, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar-263145, Uttarakhand, India
5Department of Animal Nutrition, Assam Agricultural University, Khanapara, Guwahati- 781022, Assam, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Production of higher level of reactive oxygen species (ROS) than normal level causes oxidative stress to the cells, leading to lipid peroxidation (LPO) and ultimate tissue damage. The endogenous antioxidant system present in the body neutralizes ROS produced in the cells. Selenium (Se) and vitamin E play an antioxidant role and help to scavenge the ROS in the body system. The normal dietary recommendation of Se is approximately 0.1-0.3 ppm of DM intake in dairy cattle. The recommended requirement of vitamin E is about 80 IU/kg DMI in the dry and post-partum period; and about 20 IU/kg during lactation in case of dairy    cattle. Both the selenium and vitamin E separately and in combination have potential effects on reproductive health in dairy cattle, especially during the transition period. Deficiency of these may cause free radical accumulation and damage to cell membranes which further disrupt several processes including steroid hormone and prostaglandin synthesis, impaired immune system, lower reproductive performance and reproductive disorders. Normally animals get these two important antioxidants from their natural diet. But if the diet is deficient, then, supplementation is recommended. Supplementation of Se and vitamin E during pre partum period decreases the occurrence of post partum complications in dairy cattle.


Keywords: oxidative stress, antioxidant, selenium, vitamin E, reproductive health, post partum complications
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How to cite this article:

Souvik Dhara, Swati Thakur, S. K. Md. Sadique Anwar, Abhinaba Maiti, Tanay Ghosh and Ruokuobeinuo Houzha. 2022. Selenium and vitamin E on Reproductive Health of Dairy Cattle: An Overview.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 11(3): 95-107. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2022.1103.012
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.