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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(11): 157-169
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1011.019


Assessment of Plant Biodiversity at 3 Different Elevation of Protected Forest of Subtropical Pine Forest of Meghalaya
Damonmi E. Dkhar* and Afaq Majid Wani*
Department of Forest Biology and Tree Improvement, College of Forestry, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences, Prayaraj – 211007, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The study and survey which was carried out to identify and assess diversity of plant species of sub tropical pine forest of Meghalaya was conducted during 2020-2021 at three different elevation stands located at 982 m (low-elevation stand), 1485 m (mid-elevation stand) and at 1816 m (high-elevation stand). Pinus kesiya was found to be the most dominant from all the three stand. A total of 34species of trees belonging to 19 families were recorded which consisted a total number of 857 individuals of trees, 14 species of shrubs belonging to 10 families recorded a total number of 866 individuals, and an overall occurrence of 20 species of herbaceous species belonging to 13 families recorded a total number of 670 individuals. Elaeagnus conferta was maximum for IVI in both high and mid elevation stand while Lantana camara showed maximum IVI in the low elevation. The herbaceous species diversity, richness and evenness indices was highest in high elevation and lowest in the low elevation, while herbaceous species of dominance showed a reverse trend. Tree and shrub species of the three elevation stand were quite similar in the mid and low elevation stand. The diversity richness of indigenous forest shows considerable variation in occurrence of species between different altitudes. Most of the species in the study area have medicinal value and socio-economic importance. Therefore, there is a need for necessary action towards sustainability of forest and conservation of species at large.


Keywords: Altitude, Elevation, Diversity, Species richness, Pine forest
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How to cite this article:

Damonmi E. Dkhar and Afaq Majid Wani. 2021. Assessment of Plant Biodiversity at 3 Different Elevation of Protected Forest of Subtropical Pine Forest of Meghalaya.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(11): 157-169. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1011.019