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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(8): 653-672
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.075


A Review on Fungal Diseases of Cucurbitaceae and their Management
Thammaihraj Shanthi Avinash1*, H. P. Jai Shanker Pillai2, Madhuri Biradar3 and Venkat M. Shinde4
1Department of Studies in Microbiology, University of Mysore, Manasagangothri,
Mysore-570 006, Karnataka, India
2Department of Microbiology, School of Medicine, Bridgetown International University, Bridgetown, Barbados -11000, India
3Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Microbiology,
4Department of Post Graduate Studies and Research in Botany, Gulbarga University,Kalaburagi, Karnataka-585105, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Cucurbitaceae is a large group of summer vegetable crops, which includes 118 genera and 825 species. India is the second largest producer of vegetables in the world with 2.8 % of total cropped area and 13.38 % of total vegetable production. Cucurbit is the one of the largest cash crops produced in India. These vegetables contain rich protein, carbohydrates and water to the extent of 90%. Being a rich nutritious vegetable, the seeds of cucurbitaceae may contain the seed borne fungi whichwere isolated using the standard blotter method, deep-freeze method and molecular method. A wide range of pathogens affect the productivity of cucurbits. Wilt and rot are the major soil borne fungal diseases caused by Fusarium spp., damping-off by Phytophthora spp., Acremonium spp. and Pythium spp. resulting up to 70% yield loss. The moisture content of the seed, storage period, prevailing temperature and degree of seed invasion influence the development of seed-borne fungi. The pathogen may be present externally or internally or associated with the seed as contaminant. The environmental conditions support the pathogen dominance on to crop. Germination failure of seeds is mainly due to temperature, gas exchange, water activity as well as growth hormones involved in regulating germination. Biotic and abiotic factors clarify that loss of germination capacity is the final manifestation of seed deterioration.


Keywords: Gourds, Cucumber, Pumpkin, Melons, Management
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How to cite this article:

Thammaihraj Shanthi Avinash, H. P. Jai Shanker Pillai, Madhuri Biradar and Venkat M. Shinde. 2021. A Review on Fungal Diseases of Cucurbitaceae and their Management.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(8): 653-672. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1008.075