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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(7): 393-404
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.043


Productivity Improvement with Rain Water Harvesting and Rechargeable Capacity Study of Stored Runoff Water Collected from Catchment Areas of Litchi Based Production System
R. K. Patel1*, Kuldeep Srivastava2, S. D. Pandey3, Amrendra Kumar3, Akram Ahmed4 and Vishal Nath3
1ICAR-IGFRI, Jhansi-284 003, UP, India
2ICAR-IIVR, Varanasi, UP, India
3ICAR-National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur-842 002, Bihar, India
4ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

The practice of rainwater harvesting in ponds and reusing the stored water for life saving irrigation of crops and also for domestic purpose is prevalent in India since ancient times. Rainwater of the NRCL farm drained out to outside due to lack of suitable water harvesting structures within the farm premises. The present study on productivity improvement through rain water harvesting and rechargeable volume of stored runoff water collected in different rain water harvesting structures of litchi based production system were carried out at research farm of ICAR-National Research Centre on Litchi, Muzaffarpur during 2017-18. Different water harvesting structures like ponds, trenches and deep furrows have been created as per the farm slope of litchi based catchment area adopting suitable land shaping techniques to store the rain water for multiple uses like cultivation of various crops and fish culture. Physico-chemical analysis of the soil from different catchment area revealed that organic carbon content of the farm soil found low to medium; nitrogen and phosphorus content were medium and potassium content was low. Rain water stored in different ponds showed the storage capacity of 1.45 to 2.50 million litre water per pond with cost of harvested water was Rs 68/1000 L during first year of pond construction and considering the 20 year life span of the ponds, the cost of harvesting water would be a negligible amount of Rs 7/1000 L. The stored water in different structures was mostly used for fish culture and makhana cultivation besides, life saving irrigation to newly plantation of litchi, banana and papaya. Vegetables grown on pond bunds were also irrigated during lean period. Total area of catchments excluding water harvesting structures area found to be 25.37 ha. The maximum area of 2.622 ha has been recorded under pond based water harvesting structure and only 0.41 ha area was under deep furrows system. Rechargeable capacity of runoff water in water harvesting structures revealed that the stored runoff volume vanishes by the end of December through evaporation and seepage/groundwater recharge processes. Maximum rechargeable volume of runoff water from the water harvesting structures was computed to be 30624.07 m3.


Keywords: Water harvesting structure, Rainwater harvesting, Rechargeable volume, Pond, Deep furrows
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How to cite this article:

Patel, R. K., Kuldeep Srivastava, S. D. Pandey, Amrendra Kumar, Akram Ahmed and Vishal Nath. 2021. Productivity Improvement with Rain Water Harvesting and Rechargeable Capacity Study of Stored Runoff Water Collected from Catchment Areas of Litchi Based Production System.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(7): 393-404. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1007.043