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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(3): 2044-2049
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.261


Biology and Distribution of the Invasive Alien Weed Mikania micrantha - A Review
Atiqur Rahman Bora* and Dasi Sunil Babu
Regional Coffee Research Station, Narsipatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Invasion by alien perennial weed Mikania micrantha has created a serious problems in Southeast Asia. This climbing vine possesses very fast growth rate and could multiply from seed and vegetative parts. It climbs on other plants, create a dense cover and block sunlight thereby damage or kill the other plant. It compete for water, soil nutrient and release allele-chemicals inhibiting growth of plants. The weed creates economic loss to plantation, horticultural crops, displaces and kills native vegetation. It is designated as one of the worst invasive plants of the world. M. micrantha is native to Central and South America and is a harmless plant in its native range. It was widely distributed by man to tropical areas of Africa, Asia, Australia and many different countries. The growth of the weed depends on availability of sunlight and soil moisture. M. Micrantha flowers during cool dry season and produces large number of viable seeds. The seed losses its viability with time. Tenperature, light, soil moisture content effect the germination of seed and the seed may persist for about seven years in soil seed bank. The vegetative reproduction of the weed occurs through stem sections and its success depends upon maturity, length and orientation of the stem sections in soil as well as soil moisture content.


Keywords: Mikania micrantha, Invasive, Seed viability, Seed germination, Seed bank
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How to cite this article:

Atiqur Rahman Bora and Dasi Sunil Babu. 2021. Biology and Distribution of the Invasive Alien Weed Mikania micrantha - A Review.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(3): 2044-2049. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.261