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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(3): 1824-1831
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.228


Incidence and Susceptibility Pattern of Acinetobacter Species among Clinical Isolates in a Tertiary Care Hospital
Akshay Karyakarte*, Jyoti Iravane and Anil Gaikwad
Department of Microbiology, College Building (First Floor), Government Medical College, Panchakki Road, Aurangabad (M.S.), India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Acinetobacter can survive for a long time in hospital environments, and colonizes almost all patients on prolonged hospitalization. Additionally, they are often multi-drug resistant. The present study aims at assessing the incidence and susceptibility pattern of Acinetobacter species in a tertiary care center. Retrospective study analyzing1169clinical isolates identified as Acinetobacter using Gram’s-stained smears, colony characteristics and biochemical reactions. Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing was performed by Kirby - Bauer Disc Diffusion Method, using antibiotics as per latest CLSI guidelines. Most isolates occurred in pus and wound swabs (506), followed by tracheal aspirates and sputum (271) and Bacteremia (249). Additionally, 56.48% isolates of Acinetobacter were from patients admitted for over two weeks; these findings were statistically significant These were generally resistant to Cephalosporins (24.70% Sensitive), and relatively susceptible to β-Lactam + β- Lactamase Inhibitor combinations (41.47& Sensitive), and generally susceptible to Tetracyclines (55.87% Sensitive). The present study confirms the multi-drug resistant nature of Acinetobacter species, and highlights the correlation between its incidence and duration of hospitalization. Rigorous use of standard precautions and minimizing hospital stay would reduce infection, and consequently, antibiotic overuse, which contributes further to drug resistance. In addition, a robust antibiotic policy and antibiotic stewardship in the hospital can minimize its incidence.


Keywords: Incidence, Nosocomial, Acinetobacter, Multi-drug resistant, Stewardship
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How to cite this article:

Akshay Karyakarte, Jyoti Iravane and Anil Gaikwad. 2021. Incidence and Susceptibility Pattern of Acinetobacter Species among Clinical Isolates in a Tertiary Care Hospital.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(3): 1824-1831. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.228