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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2021.10(3): 1101-1117
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.138


Development and Performance Evaluation of an Animal Drawn Single Row Zero Till Seed Drill for Sowing Pea (Pisum sativum)
Abhishek Kumar* and T. P. Singh
Department of Farm Machinery and Power Engineering, G. B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Uttarakhand, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

In hills Area, sowing of various crops are generally done by manually broadcasting of seeds into the field, and due to which higher amount of seed rate consumed which cause uneven distribution of seed pattern into the field and at improper depth and moisture due to which poor germination of seeds were occurred in the field and it consequence on lower the yield and productivity of crops. In hilly region contour cultivation is a sustainable way of farming where farmers plant crops across or perpendicular to slopes to follow the contours of a slope of a field. In hilly areas the land distribution is very small and sloppy in nature due to which tractor power is not adopted for sowing of crops. To overcome these problems, a light weight single row animal drawn zero-till seed drill suitable for hill farming was developed in farm machinery and power engineering department of GBPUA&T Pantnagar for line sowing of wheat, maize, lentil, pea etc. for hilly small field and easily carried by the farmers on the shoulder. The machine consisted of fluted roller seed metering mechanism which is made of aluminum alloy material and inverted T- type furrow opener was used to make a furrow line at shallow depth into which seed of pea was dropped through seed delivery tube by gravity action. In the field operations two persons were required to operate the machine one person operated the bullocks and one person carried the handle of machine in hand and moving behind the machine. The result was found that the required seed rate of 110 kg/ha was obtained at 10.5 mm exposure length of fluted roller. The visible mechanical damage was found as 1.18 % which is within the acceptable limit and the actual field capacity of the drill was found as 0.051 ha/h with observed field efficiency of 78 % at an average speed of 2.6 km/h. The plant populations were recorded as 64 and 63 plants per square meter area at 20 and 45 DAS. The average yield of vegetable pea was found to be126 q/ha respectively.


Keywords: Line sowing, Hills, broadcasting, Fluted roller, Field capacity, Bulk density
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How to cite this article:

Abhishek Kumar and Singh, T. P. 2021. Development and Performance Evaluation of an Animal Drawn Single Row Zero Till Seed Drill for Sowing Pea (Pisum sativum).Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 10(3): 1101-1117. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2021.1003.138