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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 3556-3571
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.441


Serological Survey of Leptospirosis among Poultry Farm and Slaughterhouse Workers and its Co-relation with the Risk Factors
Yogendra Mevada1*, Rajendra Palkhade2*, Utpal Kumar Chattopadhyay1, Amit Kanani3, Atul Raj4, Amit Banik4, Sayan Bhattacharyya4, Subhrajit Sarkar5, Nisha Gupta3 and Jitendra Parmar2
1MVPH, 4Department of Microbiology, 5Department of Statistics, AIIH & PH, Kolkata, India
2ICMR-NIOH, 3Department of Animal Husbandry, Ahmedabad, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Leptospirosis is an acute, bacterial, anthropozoonotic disease. Some occupations are high-risk group occupations for Leptospirosis e.g. field veterinarian, animal handler, dairy workers, slaughterhouse workers, rice field workers, sugar-cane field workers, sewage workers, and laboratory personnel. Poultry is known to be resistant to Leptospira spp. infection but the feed stuff available at poultry farms which are mostly located in the field attracts wild rodents. So it is important to study the prevalence of Leptospira spp. among poultry farm workers and slaughterhouse workers and its correlation with their occupational practices. To determine the prevalence of Leptospira spp. among poultry farm & slaughterhouse workers and its correlation with the occupational practices of them. To check the presence of Leptospiral antibodies in carrier and reservoir animals, present in the working environment of poultry farms and slaughterhouses. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2017 at poultry farms of Navsari district and slaughterhouse of two cities of Gujarat viz., Ahmedabad and Surat. A total of 108 asymptomatic workers, 50 poultry farm and 58 slaughterhouse workers were enrolled with their written consent; a blood sample was collected and subjected to Leptospira spp. IgG ELISA. Information regarding occupational practices was collected using predesigned, semi-structured validate proforma. To check the presence of Leptospiral antibodies a total of 83 animals’ blood samples collected from poultry farms (n=28) and slaughterhouses (n=55). The collected data were co-related and analysed using SPSS version 25. The current study showed that the prevalence of Leptospira spp. among the poultry farm workers of Navsari district was 4 % (n=50). The study showed that the prevalence of Leptospira spp. among the slaughterhouse workers was 12.06 % (n=58). Leptospiral antibodies reported in 3.57 % (n=28) and 1.81% (n=55) of carrier and reservoir animals present at poultry farms and slaughterhouses respectively.


Keywords: Leptospirosis, ELISA, Occupation, Antibodies, Risk factors
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How to cite this article:

Yogendra Mevada, Rajendra Palkhade, Utpal Kumar Chattopadhyay, Amit Kanani, Atul Raj, Amit Banik, Sayan Bhattacharyya, Subhrajit Sarkar, Nisha Gupta and Jitendra Parmar. 2020. Serological Survey of Leptospirosis among Poultry Farm and Slaughterhouse Workers and its Co-relation with the Risk Factors.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 3556-3571. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.441