International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:9, September, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 3260-3266

Scholarly View of Canine Distemper Cases in Mizoram
Tasso Yama1, J. B. Rajesh1*, Hridayesh Prasad1, T. K. Rajkhowa2, Kalyan Sarma1, Parimal Roychoudhury3, Devajani Deka4 and Suvendu Kumar Behera1
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, 2Department of Veterinary Pathology, 3Department of Veterinary Microbiology, 4Department of Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology, College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry (Central Agricultural University), Selesih, Aizawl, Mizoram, India
*Corresponding author

The objective of this study is to determine the incidence of Canine Distemper and its effects on hematology in the canine population in Mizoram. The animals were selected on the basis of history and suspected clinical signs of Canine Distemper (CD). The Antigen Rapid CD Virus Ag Test Kit (BioNote Inc, 2009) used for the qualitative detection of CDV in conjunctiva, urine, serum or plasma. Ten CD positive and ten healthy and CD negative animals were selected. Blood was collected and haematology (Haemoglobin (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), Total Erythrocyte count (TEC), Total Leukocyte count (TLC), Differential Leukocyte count (DLC) and thrombocyte) was performed using Automated Blood Cell Counter. Statistical analysis (T test) was employed and interpreted. Out of 900 animals, 40 were suspected for CD on the basis of clinical signs and 10 cases were confirmed with antigen detection test. The incidence rate of canine distemper was observed as1.11% (10/900). 80% (8/10) positive cases were observed in age group of two to six months. Hb, HCt., TEC, TLC, Lymphocyte and Monocyte values of CD infected dogs were significantly (p<0.01) decreased than healthy ones. T test was used. CD is prevalent in the canine population of Mizoram. It can be detected by clinical signs combined with Antigen detection. It causes considerable haematological changes. Immunization can prevent the incidences of CD.

Keywords: Antigen, Canine Distemper, Dog, Incidence, Mizoram

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How to cite this article:

Tasso Yama, J. B. Rajesh, Hridayesh Prasad, T. K. Rajkhowa, Kalyan Sarma, Parimal Roychoudhury, Devajani Deka and Suvendu Kumar Behera. 2020. Scholarly View of Canine Distemper Cases in Mizoram.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 3260-3266. doi:
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