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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
IJCMAS is now DOI (CrossRef) registered Research Journal. The DOIs are assigned to all published IJCMAS Articles.
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39 For more details click here
National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS) : NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020) [Effective from January 1, 2020]For more details click here

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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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Original Research Articles

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 2348-2352
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.293


A Study of Bacterial Uropathogens and their Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern in a Tertiary Care Centre
Chandrashekarkadaganchi1, Amaresh Nigudgi2*, Sunilkumar Biradar1,S. Patil1, Sheeba Praveena1 and Parameshwari Patil1
1Department of Microbiology, M.R. Medical College, Kalaburagi, India
2Department of Microbiology, Govt. Medical College, Rewa, UP, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most common infection seen in clinical practice in all age groups. The UTI is most commonly caused by E.coli. There is emergence of multidrug resistant bacteria because of inadvertent use of antibiotics in treating these infections. The changing trend of pathogens and their antibiotic sensitivity the study has been undertaken, to determine the bacteria causing the UTI and find their antibiotic sensitivity. A total of 200 urine specimens showing the significant bacteriuria are studied. The midstream urine samples collected in a sterile container. The semi quantitaative analysis done to know the bacterial count. The organism is identified using Gram staining and standard biochemical tests. The antibiotic sensitivity is done using 0.5% turbidity on Mueller-Hinton agar and results are interpreted following CLSI guidelines. UTI is most commonly seen in females and in age group ranging from 50yrs and above. The pregnancy and diabetes found to be major contributing risk factors apart from catheterised patients in hospital setup. E.coli is the most common bacteria causing the UTI followed by Klebsiella, Enterococcus, Pseudomonas, Staphylococcus aureus, Citrobacter, Proteus and CONS species. The Nitrofurantoin and flouroquinolones are found to be sensitive in 80% of cases. The Carbapenems found to be 95% sensitive in gram negative bacteria and Vancomycin was 100% sensitive in gram positive bacteria. Females and people aged 21-30yrs are most commonly affected. E.coli is still the most common bacteria causing UTI. The varying resistance patterns alarms strict follow of antibiotic policy and mandatory bacterial culture in all UTI patients.


Keywords: Bacterial uropathogens
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How to cite this article:

Chandrashekarkadaganchi, Amaresh Nigudgi, Sunilkumar Biradar, B. S. Patil, Sheeba Praveena and Parameshwari Patil. 2020. A Study of Bacterial Uropathogens and their Antibiotic Sensitivity Pattern in a Tertiary Care Centre.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 2348-2352. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.293