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International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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National Academy of Agricultural Sciences (NAAS)
NAAS Score: *5.38 (2020)
[Effective from January 1, 2020]
For more details click here

ICV 2019: 96.39
Index Copernicus ICI Journals Master List 2019 - IJCMAS--ICV 2019: 96.39
For more details click here

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PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : editorijcmas@gmail.com / submit@ijcmas.com
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 2244-2249
DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.279


A Study of HIV Infection Pattern in Clients Attending Integrated Testing and Counselling Center in Most Backward District of India
Pratibha Mane and Jyoti Sangwan*
Department of Microbiology, SHKM GMC, Nalhar, NUH, India
*Corresponding author
Abstract:

India has a burden of 2.5 million people infected with HIV making it the third largest HIV epidemic in the world after Africa and Nigeria. India contributes to almost 60% of South Asia’s HIV epidemic. HIV is an epidemic which is affected by various factors like demography, socio- cultural behavior, economic background etc. The integrated counseling and testing centers (ICTC) were formulated by national AIDS control organization (NACO). These are functioning in various hospitals providing a first interface between the client and public health system and have great deal of impact on modifying risk behavior of general population if utilized properly. To know pattern of HIV infection in ICTC center of a tertiary care teaching hospital. HIV testing was done as per NACO guidelines. Maximum sero reactivity was found in 25-34 years of age group followed by 35-49 years age group. Heterosexual transmission was the major route of transmission followed by parent to child transmission. Out of 34781 clients tested for HIV infection, 111 were found HIV I seropositive and only one was HIV II seropositive. Seropositivity was higher in male clients 59 than in females 52. Recently the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI Aayog) rated Mewat (Nuh) district of Haryana as the most backward district of India. Thus, extreme poverty, social taboo, illiteracy is the important reasons for the underutilization of the services. There is dire need for intervention to clear these hindering factors so that these services are effectively utilized.


Keywords: ICTC, Heterosexual Transmission, HIV, NACO
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How to cite this article:

Pratibha Mane and Jyoti Sangwan. 2020. A Study of HIV Infection Pattern in Clients Attending Integrated Testing and Counselling Center in Most Backward District of India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 2244-2249. doi: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2020.909.279