International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:9, September, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 1552-1576

Nutritional Security Options through Agronomic Bio-fortification of Zinc and Iron in Chickpea under Rainfed Areas for Poor and under Nourished Masses of South East Asia-A Review
Brij Nandan, B. C. Sharma, Gurdev Chand, Akhil Verma,Kapilashiv Bazgalia and Rakesh Kumar
PRSS, AICRP on Chickpea, SKUAST-Jammu, Samba 184121, India
*Corresponding author

Unlike plants, humans also require essential micronutrients and protein for normal physiological functions of the body and general health. Due to low concentration of micronutrients and protein in the staple food, billions of population is lacking sufficient daily intake of micronutrient and protein in their diet sometimes called ‘hidden hunger’. Micro nutrient malnutrition is a serious problem to human health throughout the world, primarily in resource limited countries. The micronutrients most commonly associated with human health problems on a global scale include iron, zinc and iodine. Humans require at least 22 mineral elements for their wellbeing. These can be supplied by an appropriate diet. However, it is estimated that over 30 percent of population is zinc (Zn) deficient and rest with other micronutrients. Among micronutrients, Zn deficiency is occurring in both crops and humans. Zinc deficiency is currently listed as a major risk factor for human health and cause of death globally. According to an estimate of World Health Organization (WHO) during 2015, around two billion people are being suffered with iron and zinc deficiencies and its deficiency ranks 11th among the 20 most important factors in the world and 5th among the 10 most important factors in developing countries like India. Zn deficiency is widespread in chickpea growing region of the world and is most prevalent among the micronutrients. In the sequence of micronutrient malnutrition; iron is also playing a vital role. Its deficiency is a highly prevalent nutritional disorder afflicting 2.5 to 5 billion people around the globe where poor households and pre-school children are severely affected due to high demand for iron. Iron acts as a co-factor for several enzymes performing basic functions in human body. Inadequate supply of iron contributes to disability, anemia and stunted mental growth.

Keywords: Fortification,Zinc, Iron, Micronutrients, Chickpea

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How to cite this article:

Brij Nandan, B. C. Sharma, Gurdev Chand, Akhil Verma, Kapilashiv Bazgalia and Rakesh Kumar. 2020. Nutritional Security Options through Agronomic Bio-fortification of Zinc and Iron in Chickpea under Rainfed Areas for Poor and under Nourished Masses of South EastInt.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 1552-1576. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.