International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences (IJCMAS)
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Original Research Articles                      Volume : 9, Issue:9, September, 2020

PRINT ISSN : 2319-7692
Online ISSN : 2319-7706
Issues : 12 per year
Publisher : Excellent Publishers
Email : /
Editor-in-chief: Dr.M.Prakash
Index Copernicus ICV 2018: 95.39
NAAS RATING 2020: 5.38

Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci.2020.9(9): 188-198

Aquaculture as a Component for Livelihood Development of Tribal Farmers of Selected Blocks of Koraput District, Odisha, India
C. Mohapatra1*, Prabhati K. Sahoo1, K. D. Mahapatra1, A. Barat1, P. K. Sahoo1,
M. Siddaiah1, D. Panda1, U. L. Mohanty1, D. K. Verma1, D. Majhi1, J. K. Swain1,
Adhikari2, L. Panda2, B. Ratha3 and B. R. Pillai1
1ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar - 751002, Odisha, India
2PRAGATI, Pujariput, Koraput, Odisha, India
3District Fisheries Office, Jeypore, Koraput District, Odisha, India
*Corresponding author

Freshwater aquaculture as a component in livelihood development and nutritional security of 221 tribal farmers was undertaken in 58 villages under 17 Gram Panchayats of Koraput, Kotpad, Borigumma, Nandapur and Jeypore Blocks of Koraput District, Odisha during 2018-19. One hundred seventy six ponds with total water area of 22.168 ha were adopted by ICAR-Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneswar for technology demonstration. Fingerlings of Indian Major Carps (IMC) i.e., Catla catla (Catla), Labeo rohita (Rohu) and Cirrihinus mrigala (Mrigal) with species ratio 1:2:1, and size range 42-85 mm length and 3-7 g weight were stocked in October-November, 2018 in the ponds at a lower density of 3,500 nos/ha. With minimal technical interventions like, liming of pond, seed stocking, training, etc. the fish production achieved was 777.4-1445 kg/ha/yr (average 1206.6 kg/ha/yr) from a negligible level of production of less than 200 kg/ha/yr before adoption. The fish survival was 35-60%. During the culture period, around 20-30% of total fish produced had gone to the nutritional security of the adopted families. The rest was sold and the revenue was taken to the common fund of the tribal groups. Prior to adoption, per capita fish availability from ponds for consumption of the tribal population of that area was less than 0.01 kg/day, which rose to 0.025 kg/day after adoption. The present investigation of ICAR-CIFA not only brought a ray of hope to the remotely residing tribal communities, who never thought of aquaculture as a livelihood option but also equipped them to utilise the available water resources through aquaculture with marginal improvement in their livelihood and nutritional security.

Keywords: Fish production, ponds, Koraput District, Technology demonstration, Tribal farmers, Livelihood development

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How to cite this article:

Mohapatra, B. C., Prabhati K. Sahoo, K. D. Mahapatra, A. Barat, P. K. Sahoo, G. M. Siddaiah, D. Panda, U. L. Mohanty, D. K. Verma, D. Majhi, J. K. Swain, P. Adhikari, L. Panda, B. Ratha and Pillai, B. R. 2020. Aquaculture as a Component for Livelihood Development of Tribal Farmers of Selected Blocks of Koraput District, Odisha, India.Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci. 9(9): 188-198. doi:
Copyright: This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license.